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Muscular Sys terms

A&P CH8 Muscular System Clinical Terms

TermDefinition
contracture condition of great resistance to the stretch of a muscle
convulsion series of involuntary contractions of various voluntary muscles
electromyography technique for recording electrical charges in muscle tissue
fibrillation spontaneous contractions of individual muscle fibers, producing rapid and uncoordinated activity within a muscle
fibrosis degenerative disease in which fibrous connective tissue replaces skeletal muscle tissue
fibrositis inflammation of fibrous connective tissues, especially in the muscle fascia (also called muscular rheumatism)
muscular dystrophies group of inherited disorders in which deficiency of cytoskeletal protein (or glycoprotein) collapses muscle cells, leading to progressive loss of function)
myalgia pain from any muscular disease or disorder
myasthenia gravis chronic disease in which muscles are weak and easily fatigued because of malfunctioning neuromuscular junctions
myokymia persistent quivering of a muscle
myology study of muscles
moma tumor composed of muscle tissue
myopathy any muscular disease
myositis inflammation of skeletal muscle tissue
myotomy cutting of muscle tissue
myotonia prolonged muscular spasm
paralysis loss of ability to move a body part
paresis partial or slight paralysis of muscles
shin splints soreness on the front of the leg due to straining the flexor digitorum longus often as a result of walking up and down hills
torticollis condition in which the neck muscles, such as the sternocleidomastoids, contract involuntarily (also called wryneck)
 



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