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Chapter 1

Flowering Seed Plants

biology the study of living things
organism living things
habitat regions where particular organisms normally live
botany the study of plants
zoology the study of animals
woody plants live several years and develop a large amount of wood, such as trees and shrubs
herbaceous plants plants with stems that remain relatively soft
angiosperm flowering seed plants, flowers produce seeds covered by fruit
legume pea family, fruit takes the form of a pod
nitrogen-fixing bacteria grows on roots of legumes, converts nitrogen from ammonia into nitrates, plant absorbs these nitrates through its roots to convert to proteins
nitrifying bacteria provides nitrates to soil from decomposing plants and animals
dicot having two cotyledons per seed
monocot having only one cotyledon per seed
cereals developed by man from grasses to form high-yielding crops such as wheat, barley, rye, and oats
forage grasses grasses man and animals depend on for food
turf grasses grasses used as coverings for lawns and athletic fields
stolon creeping stem that grows above the ground
sheath wrap partially covering the stem of grass plants
hardwood broadleaf trees that have dense, hard wood such as beech, maple, oak
deciduous broadleaf trees that loose their leaves each fall and are bare all winter
botany, zoology, human anatomy and physiology Three major fields in biology
taproot system and fibrous root system two main kinds of root systems
wheat, corn, and rice the three most important cereal crops
Created by: Clarkhs