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Geography Key Terms

#8 Government and Citizenship

government group of people who have the power to make and enforce laws for a country or area
constitution system of basic rules and principles by which government is organized
limited government government structure in which government actions are limited by law
unlimited government government structure in which there are no effective limits on government actions
tyranny unjust use of power
state region that shares a common government
city-state independent state consisting of a city and its surrounding territory
empire state containing several countries or territories
democracy form of government in which citizens hold political power
nation-state state that is independent of other states
monarchy form of government in which the state is ruled by a monarch
authoritarian government in which all power is held by a single person or a small group
communism political and economic system in which government owns all property and makes all economic decisions
unitary system system of government in which a central government has the authority to make laws for the entire country
federal system system of government in which power is divided among central, regional, and local governments
sovereignty supreme authority
foreign policy set of goals outlining how a country plans to interact with other countries
treaty formal agreement between two or more countries
diplomacy managing communication and relationships between countries
citizen legal member of a country
civic life activities having to do with one's society and community
civic participation taking part in government
political party group that supports candidates for public offices
interest group group that seeks to influence public policy on certain issues
Created by: westfahl