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Initial ABC.

1. Make a safe approach. Look carefully for danger.
2. Assess conscious level by "shaking and shouting".
3. Shout loudly for help from a passerby.
4. Open airway with head tilt, chin lift and, with thumb on chin, open mouth.
5. Bring hand performing head tilt around to behind the angle of the jaw and maintain an open airway.
6. Bring fingers of other hand (which was performing chin lift) down and feel for circo thyroid gap landmark.
7. Rest middle phalanx of your middle finger on gap and feel for common carotid pulse with tips of index and middle fingers.
8. While maintaining an open airway "look, listen and feel" to assess breathing and carotid pulse simultaneously.
9. Recognise that casualty is unconscious but breathing normally and has a pulse.
10. Feel in casualty's pocket to remove bulky or sharp objects.
11. Straighten both of casualty's legs.
12. Place nearest arm in correct right angle position.
13. Place furthest arm in correct position with back of his hand on the side of face nearest you.
14. Pull up furthest away knee and roll casualty towards you.
15. Adjust the upper leg (so that both the hip and knee are bent at right angles).
16. Tilt the head back (to keep the airway open).
17. Adjust the hand under the cheek to keep head tilted.
18. Check that the casualty is breathing satisfactorily.
19. Go, or ask another person, to phone for an ambulance.
20. Carry out these procedures in the correct order.
Created by: robertspedding