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Chapter 1- Cells

TermDefinition
Hooke first to use the term "cell"
Schleiden first to say plants were made of cells
Schwann first to say animals were made of cells
Cell wall Structure in plant cells only- rigid for support
ribosomes make proteins
mitochondria energy source
cytoplasm region between cell membrane and nucleus with gel-like fluid
nucleus control center of the cell
nucleolus makes ribosomes
golgi bodies send materials/proteins from the ER to other locations
endoplasmic reticulum package proteins
chloroplasts found in plant cells only- capture energy from the sun
cell membrane selectivity permeable letting things in and out
proteins made of amino acids
carboydrates made of sugar and starch
nucleic acids DNA and RNA
lipids made of fatty acids and glycerol
cells building blocks of life
Van Leeuwenhoek first to see tiny cells and called them animalcules
resolution ability to clearly see an image/sharpness
vacuole storage center- mostly water
lysosomes gets rid of waste/worn on cells
organic has carbon
inorganic no carbon- non-living
enzymes speed up chemical reactions
diffusion movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration
osmosis movement of WATER from a high concentration to a low concentration
active transport movement of molecules from low concentration to high concentration with ENERGY
passive transport movement of molecules with no energy require (examples diffusion and osmosis)
Created by: jgonzalez30