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A&P Chapter 5 Tissue

Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 12e Chapter 5

QuestionAnswer
What is the term for one layer? simple
What is the term for more than one layer? stratified
What is the term for false layered? pseudostratified
What is the term for flat shape? squamous
What is the term for cube shape? cuboidal
What is the term for rectangular shape? columnar
What is the term for the ability to change shapes? transitional
Where are epithelial tissues found? throughout the body
What do epithelial tissues do? they cover organs, form inner lining of body cavities and line hollow organs
What is simple squamous epithelium? a single layer of thin flattened cells, fit tightly together with broad thin nuclei
Where can you find simple squamous epithelium? wall of capillaries, lining inside of blood vessels, lining air sacs in the lungs
What is simple cuboidal epithelium? a single layer of cube shaped cells with a centrally located spherical nuclei
Where can you find simple cuboidal epithelium? covering the ovaries, lining most of the kidney tubules
What is simple columnar epithelium? longer than they are wide, single layer of cells with elongated nuclei usually located at or about the same level near the basement membrane.
Where can you find simple columnar epithelium? uterine tube (w/cilia), lining uterus, portions of the digestive tract (w/o cilia)
Is simple columnar epithelium ciliated or not? both
What is pseudostratified columnar epithelium? they appear layer but are not - nuclei lie at two or more levels in the row of aligned cells (different depths)
Where can you find pseudostratified columnar epithelium? lining the passage of the respiratory system
What is stratified squamous epithelium? relatively thick tissue with newer cells on the bottom, underneath
Where can you find stratified squamous epithelium? this forms the outer layer of skin, lines the oral cavity, esophagus, vagina, and anal canal
What is stratified cuboidal epithelium? it consists of two or three layers of cuboidal cells
Where can you find stratified cuboidal epithelium? lining the ducts of the mammary glands, sweat glands, salivary glands and pancreas
What is stratified columnar epithelium? several layers of cells with superficial cells being columnar and basal layers being cuboidal
Where can you find stratified columnar epithelium? part of the male urethra, lining the larger ducts of exocrine glands
What is transitional epithelium? specialized to change in response to increased tension
Where can you find transitional epithelium? lining the uterus, urinary bladder and superior urethra
What is glandular epithelium? cells specialized to produce and secrete substances into ducts or into bodily fluids
Where can you find glandular epithelium? glands
What is an exocrine gland? a gland that secretes its product into ducts that open onto surfaces (exo=exit)
What is an endocrine gland? a gland that secretes its product into tissue fluid or blood
What is a merocrine gland? a gland that releases fluid by exocytosis
Name a merocrine gland salivary gland, pancreatic glands, sweat glands
What is an apocrine gland? a gland that loses a small portion of the glandular cell bodies during secretion
Name an apocrine gland mammary glands, ceruminous glands lining the external ear canal
What is a holocrine gland? a gland that releases entire cells that disintegrate to release cell secretions
Name a holocrine gland sebaceous glands of the skin
Created by: Scottylvr