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A&P Chapter 1

Hole's Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology 12e Chapter 1

QuestionAnswer
What is anatomy? The branch of science that deals with the structure of body parts
What is physiology? The branch of science dealing with the function of body parts
What is the hierarchy of organization? atoms, molecules, macromolecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms
What is the basis of life? Cells
What are the 2 parts of metabolism? anabolic and catabolic
What is homeostasis? maintenance of a stable internal environment - 'cruise control'
What portion contains all but the arms and legs? Axial portion
What portion contains the arms and legs? Appendicular portion
What cavities are in the axial portion? cranial cavity, vertebral cavity, thoracic cavity, abdominopelvic cavity
What separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities? diaphram
What is the name of the tissue that covers organs? visceral tissue
What is the name of the tissue that covers the cavity wall? parietal tissue
What is in the cranial cavity? brain
What is in the vertebral cavity? spinal cord
What is in the thoracic cavity? heart, lungs, media-sternum
What is in the abdominal cavity? viscera of digestion and spleen
What is in the pelvic cavity? the end of the large intestine, urinary bladder, internal reproductive organs
What is the name of the membrane in the thoracic cavity? pleural membrane
What is the name of the membrane in the abdominal cavity? peritoneal membrane
What is the name of the membrane that covers the heart? pericardial membrane
What is the name of the position indicating toward the head? superior
What is the name of the position indicating toward the feet? inferior
What is the name of the position indicating toward the front? anterior
What is the name of the position indicating toward the back? posterior
What is the name of the position indicating toward the middle? median
What is the name of the position indicating toward the outside? lateral
What is the name of the position indicating toward the 'trunk'? proximal
What is the name of the position indicating away from the "trunk"? distal
What is the name of the position indicating toward the center/inside of the body? deep
What is the name of the position indicating toward the exterior/outside of the body? superficial
Created by: Scottylvr