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1st 9 Weeks- Week 6

Genes Set of information that controls a trait; a segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait.
Chromosomes Tightly coiled structures that are made of DNA and contain genes.
Genetics The scientific study of heredity.
Heredity The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Alleles The different forms of a gene.
Sex Chromosomes A pair of chromosomes carrying genes that determine whether a person is male or female.
Punnett Square A chart that shows all possible combinations of alleles that can result from a genetic cross.
Mendel The father of genetics that first worked with different characteristics of pea plants.
Genotype An organism's genetic makeup or allele combination.
Phenotype An organism's physical appearance or visible traits.
Carrier A person has one recessive allele for a trait, but does not have the trait.
Nucleotides Molecule made of sugar, phosphate, & nitrogen bases used to bind DNA.
Dominant Traits The trait that always shows up in the organism when it is present.
Recessive Traits The trait that is hidden when a dominant trait is present.
Created by: Misfit16