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Anatomical terms

TermDefinition
median in the middle plane: a plane that divides the body into 2 equal halves right and left.
medial nearer to the median plane
lateral further from the median plane
sagittal plane that is parallel to the median plane
frontal/coronal plane that is at right angles to the median plane cutting the body into anterior or posterior parts
transverse/horizontal a plane that is transverse or cross section
superior (cephalic) nearer head
inferior (caudal) nearer feet
anterior (ventral) nearer front
posterior (dorsal) nearer back
proximal nearer to the root of the structure
distal further from the root of the structure
superficial nearer to the surface
deep further from the surface
ulnar medial side of the leg
radial lateral side of the forearm
palmar anterior surface of the hand
dorsum posterior surface of the hand
tibial medial side of the leg
fibular lateral side of the leg
plantar inferior surface of the foot
dorsum superior surface of the foot
flexion folds a joint
extension straightens a joint
dorsiflexion pulls the foot up at the ankle
plantar flexion pushes the foot down at the ankle
abduction away from the median plane
adduction towards the median of the plane
ulnar deviation adduction of the wrist
radial deviation abduction at the wrist
rotation where part of the body rotates on its own longitudinal axis
pronation rotation of the palm of hand posteriorly
supination carries the palm anteriorly
inversion turns the foot inwards
eversion turns the foot outwards
visceral Something felt deep down
parietal Relating to the inner walls of a body cavity
Created by: robertspedding