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Paralegal Vocab Ch1

Introduction to Law 5th Edition Chapter 1

TermDefinition
Law a set of rules and procedures usually intended to regulate some aspect of society is called _____
Civil Law a legal system based on written laws or codes is called ____ a type of law that controls private disputes between parties is called ____
Common Law a body of law developed through the courts is called____
Constitution a document whose primary purpose is to establish a government and define its powers is called ___
Code a topical organization of statutes is called ___
Precedent the example set by the decision of an earlier court for similar cases or similar legal questions that arise in later cases is called ___
Stare Decisis "It stands decided"; another term for precedent is called ___
Jurisprudence study of philosophy of law is called ___
Natural theory of law a philosophical theory holding that law reflects the moral and unchangeable laws of nature is called ___
Legal positivism a philosophical theory holding that the validity of law is not related to morality is called ___
Legal realism a philosophical theory that laws are created by judges and therefore subject to individual beliefs and prejudices is called ___
Tort a noncontractual civil wrong is called ___
Statute of limitations a law that places a time limit on when a lawsuit can be filed is called ___
Substantive laws laws that define our rights and obligations is called ___
Procedural laws laws that dictate how we enforce our rights and obligations is called ___
Crime an act in violation of a criminal statue is called ___
Rules of court procedural rules adopted by all courts regulating practice in the court is called ___
Due process of law 1 the existence of a law that prohibits the conduct in question before the violation occurs; a specifically described penalty that is to be imposed in the event a person is found guilty is called ___
Due process of law 2 a law that is sufficiently certain and clear so that an individual is capable of knowing what is permissible and what is illegal is called ___
Jurisdiction the power or authority to act in a certain situation; the power of a court to hear cases and render judgement is called ___
Preponderance of the evidence the amount of proof necessary for most civil cases; more likely than not is called ___
Liable a finding of responsibility in a civil case is called ___
Indigent without funds or assets therefore unable to afford an attorney is called ___
Burden of proof the necessity of establishing a particular fact or the necessity of going forward with the evidence is called ___
Beyond a reasonable doubt the amount of proof necessary for a conviction in a criminal case is called ___
Acquittal a finding of not guilty in a criminal case is called ___
Hung jury a jury that cannot attain the necessary consensus or majority to reach a verdict is called ___
Syllabus a summary of a Supreme Court case written by the reporter of decisions, an officer of the Court, appointed by the Supreme Court Justices is called ___
Created by: MrsFlaherty