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Woolever Science

Science Intro

What is a scientist? An individual that asks questions about things around them.
What is science? The natural world. The world you live in!
What is an astronomer? Someone who studies the universe.
What is a botanist? Someone who studies plant life.
What is a physicist? Someone who studies matter and energy.
What is a marine biologist? Someone who studies things in water.
What is a microscope? A tool that makes small things look bigger
What is a spring scale? A measurement tool that measures force. Units are Newtons (N).
What is a thermometer? A tool that measures temperature. Units are Farienhiet or Celcius.
What is a magnifying glass? A science tool that lets you see things closely.
What is measuring tape? A measuring tool that helps you measure things. It can have different units.
What is a graduated cylinder? A measurement tool that measures volume and space.
What is a ruler? A measurement tool that measures length.
What is a stop watch? A measurement tool that measures time.
What is a pan balance? A measurement tool that measures matter.
Abiotic Nonliving. Rain, sunlight, temperature, minerals
Biotic Living. Plants, bacteria, animals
Decomposers A organism the decomposes organic material. Bacteria.
Ecosystem A community or organisms interacting with their environment. An ecosystem can be as large as a forest or as small as a puddle on a log. Ecosystems are made up of living and nonliving parts.
More about ecosystems The abiotic parts of an ecosystem affect the kinds of organisms that can live there.
Why are abiotic factors important to an ecosystem? The abiotic parts of an eco system are important because without them, the biotic parts of the ecosystem could not survive.
What kinds of biotic factors might you find in an ocean? Salmon, coral, sharks, whales, dolphins, all kinds of fish and animals.
What might happen to an ecosystem without the presence of biotic factors? Nothing would be able to grow or have necessities for life.
What are abiotic factors? Temperature, air, water, soil, rocks, minerals, and light
Coniferous Forest Have trees such as pine, spruce, an fir. These trees have needles all year long. Because tall trees cover the forest year round, sunlight does not reach the ground. Shrubs and small bushes don't grow well.
Deciduous Forest This kind of forest has trees such as oak, maple, and beech trees. These are trees that lose their leaves in the fall and then grow new leaves in the spring.
Grasslands Grassland have very few trees. Grasslands do not usually get a lot of rain so the soil is dry. The Great plains are grasslands.
Wetlands Areas that are soaked with water for part of the year. Estuaries and salt marshes are kinds of wetlands. Wetlands are like nurseries because many animals nurse there.
Marsh A wetland that does not have trees.
Swamp A wetland that has trees.
Estuaries A wetland where a river flows into an ocean. A place where salt water meets fresh water.
Salt Marsh Salt marshes are usually at the edges of estuaries
Aquatic ecosystem Ocean, lakes, and ponds. Can be freshwater or saltwater. Oceans are most of the water on earth and are saltwater. Streams are flowing water and ponds are standing water.
Oceans Sunlight penetrates the upper layers of the oceans. Animals are at all levels of the ocean, some in the sunlight area and some further down in the dark.
Ponds Freshwater plants likes lilies grow in the water along the banks. Frogs, salamanders, snakes, turtles and beavers are some of the animals you find at a pond.
Created by: sara.r.bailey