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9th biology

9th biology unit three.

Can animals survive without plants? No
What is the formula for photosynthesis? 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy -> C6H12O6 + 6O2
What is the formula for respiration? C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6CO2 + 6H2O + energy (ATP)
____ make their own food. Autotrophs
___ obtain energy by consuming other organisms. Heterotrophs
Give an example of a heterotroph. Animals
Give an example of an autotrophs. green plants
Living things need ____ to survive and function. Energy
Where does all the energy come from? The Sun
During ____ the energy from the Sun is transformed into a form of stored energy called ____. Photosynthesis, glucose
What has more energy? Glucose or ATP? Glucose
Because glucose is such a large amount of energy it has to be transformed into ____ so that the cell can use it. ATP
What process turns glucose into ATP? Cellular respiration
What does ATP stand for? Adenosine triphosphate
What is the universal energy molecule? ATP
Name the three parts of ATP. Ribose (sugar) Adenine (base) 3 phosphate groups.
What is the high-energy bond? The bonds between the phosphate groups.
When the energy is used the ATP is converted to what? ADP (Adenosine DIphosphate)
What happens when a phosphate group is removed? Energy is released.
Where do cells store extra energy until it is needed by the cell? In the last phosphate bond of ATP.
What traps light energy? Chlorophyll
What is absorbed from the roots of a plant? Water
What is glucose converted into after photosynthesis? Starch which is stored food in other parts of the plant.
What enters through the stomata of the leaflets? Carbon dioxide ( CO2)
What is photosynthesis? In the presence of light, plants transform water and carbon dioxide into glucose and oxygen.
What is the openings of a plant's leaves that allow carbon dioxide to come in and oxygen to go out? Stomata
What controls the opening and closing of the stomata? Guard cells
What is organelles found inside photosynthesis eukaryotic cells. Chloroplast
Pigment in plant cells that traps light Chlorophyll
Sacs that contain chlorophyll Thylakoids
Stack of thylakoid Granum
Area in chloroplast and outside of thylakoids Stroma
Plants absorb certain wavelengths of light. What are the two main ones. Blue and red
Molecules that absorb light Pigments
How do plants trap energy By absorbing light
What is the main pigment in plants Chlorophyll
What are two ways or cells use ATP To break down molecules and active transport
How many ATP are formed by the end of a aerobic cellular respiration 36
Where does glycolysis occur and name the products I cause this occurs in the cytoplasm and it produces 2 ATP and 2 pyruvate
Where does the Kreb’s cycle occur and name the products It occurs in the minor contra and produces CO2 and 2 ATP
Where does the electron transport chain occur and name the products It occurs in the mitochondria and it produces H2O and 32 ATP
What are the two types of fermentation Alcoholic and lactic acid
If oxygen is not present what are the two steps for anaerobic respiration Glycolysis and fermentation
What types of cells reform each type of fermentation Alcoholic is performed by bacteria while lactic acid is performed by muscle cells
Why are you are lungs important for cellular respiration They help you get oxygen
What type of organism does photosynthesis occur in Autotrophs
In what type of organism does respiration occur Autotrophs and heterotrophs
What happens in photosynthesis Water and carbon and light go into a plant cell and produces glucose and oxygen
What happens in cellular respiration
Created by: KerraGibson