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AC2 Exam 1

Neutrophilia Acute bacterial infection Acute stress (ex. Post-op) Burns Leukemia Corticosteroid use Rheumatoid Arthritis Chronic Inflammation Intense Exercise
Neutropenia Immunosuppression Bone marrow failure/Aplastic anemia Folate/Vitamin B12 deficiency Chemotherapy Chloramphenicol/sulfonamides
Eosinophilia Allergic Reaction (food allergy or bee stings) Parasitic infections Leukemia Marrow hyperactivity Autoimmune disease
Eosinopenia Generally not a concern, but Nutritional deficiency Excessive Glucocorticoids ***Note 0% is still within normal range for some labs
Basophilia Allergic Reaction Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Hodgkin’s disease Oral Contraception
Basopenia Generally not a concern, but Nutritional deficiency Excessive Glucocorticoids ***Note 0% is still within normal range for some labs
Monocytosis Chronic inflammation Stress Cushing’s syndrome Viral infection
Monocytopenia Chronic infections Autoimmune disease Leukemia/AML Aplastic anemia Excessive Glucocorticoids
Lymphocytosis Viral infection Leukemias: Adrenal insufficiency
Lymphocytopenia HIV – destroys T cells (CD4+) Bone marrow failure/Aplastic anemia Will affect any blood cell count Excessive glucocorticoids RA Chemotherapy Immunosuppresion
Uncompensated pH abnormal CO2 OR HCO3 abnormal
Compensated pH normal CO2, HCO3 abnormal
Partially compensated pH, CO2, HCO3 abnormal
Metabolic HCO3 & pH same direction
Respiratory CO2 & pH opposite direction
Anemia chronic renal failure, pernicious or aplastic anemia, leukemia, Fe/Vit B12/folate def, RBC hemolysis
Polycythemia high altitude, COPD/pulm disease, dehydration, renal problems
Increase Hct intravascular dehydration, severe burns
Decrease Hct Over hydration
Respiratory Failure: Hypoxemia agitation, restless, dizzy, tachy & decrease BP OR brady & increase BP, dyspnea, flared nostrils, grunting, cyanosis
Respiratory failure: hypercapnia CO2 >45, early morning HA, drowsiness, coma, flapping hands, diaphoresis, dyspnea, rapid rate, pursed lip breathing, skin redness, increased BP
Bronchitis cough w/ sputum, overweight, many infxns, cyanotic, not must use of accessory, wheezing, hypoxemia w/ hypercap
Emphysema min cough, chronic dyspnea, weight loss, use of accessory muscles, thin, distended neck veins, less infxns
Created by: chughes44