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History Vocab 1

TermDefinition
Physical Maps primary purpose is to show land-forms like deserts, mountains and plains.
Political Maps designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties, the location of major cities
Special-Purpose Maps used to help you focus on certain details.
Latitude the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator, or of a celestial object north or south of the celestial equator, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
Longitude the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England, or west of the standard meridian of a celestial object, usually expressed in degrees and minutes.
Title Usually draws attention by virtue of its dominant size; serves to focus attention on the primary content of the map.
Key It gives you the information needed for the map to make sense.
Compass rose a circle divided into 32 points or 360° numbered clockwise from true or magnetic north
Scale Bar means of visually showing the scale of a map, nautical chart, engineering drawing, or architectural drawing.
Prehistory the period of time before written records.
Historian an expert in or student of history, especially that of a particular period, geographical region, or social phenomenon.
Artifact an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
Anthropology the study of human societies and cultures and their development.
Equal Area Projection equal-area map projection showing parallels and the equator as straight lines
Mercator Projection a projection of a map of the world onto a cylinder in such a way that all the parallels of latitude have the same length as the equator, used especially for marine charts and certain climatological maps.
Robinson Projection is a map projection of a world map which shows the entire world at once.
Culture the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively.
Archaeology the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.
Mary Leakey A family of anthropologists whose work at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania and elsewhere revealed that humans probably first evolved in Africa.
Louis Leakey Kenyan paleoanthropologist and archaeologist whose work was important in demonstrating that humans evolved in Africa
Olduvai Gorge one of the most important paleoanthropological sites in the world; it has proven invaluable in furthering our understanding of early human evolution.
Technology the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry.
Donald Johnson is an American paleoanthropologist.
Technique a way of carrying out a particular task, especially the execution or performance of an artistic work or a scientific procedure.
Created by: ItzCooit