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Metals, Metalloids,

6.6A Metals, Metalloids, & Non-Metals

Periodic Table of Elements Table in which all the known elements are arranged by properties; represented by 1 or 2 letters, known as chemical symbols.
Physical Property Measurable characteristics that describe the physical state of something, including mass, magnetism, temperature, density, shape, volume, & conductivity.
Metals Most elements are metals; they're typically solid, shiny, malleable, & good conductors of heat & electricity.
Non-Metals Elements that are typically not shiny, not malleable, & poor conductors of heat & electricity; usually gases or brittle solids.
Metalloids Elements that have properties of both metals & nonmetals; sometimes referred to as semiconductors.
Luster The way the surface of a mineral reflects light; either metallic or non-metallic such as silky, dull, glassy, or resinous.
Conductivity The ability of a substance to transfer heat or electrical energy.
Malleability The ability of something to be reshaped without breaking.
Brittle A tendency to break rather than flex or bend.
Insulator A material that does NOT conduct heat or electrical current.
Conductor A substance that readily transfers heat or electrical energy.
Semiconductor A substance that shows the property of electrical conductivity between that of a conductor & that of an insulator; foundation of modern electronics.
Matter Anything that has mass & takes up space.
Classify Sort or put into groups based on similar & dissimilar physical, chemical, or biological characteristics.
Element A pure substance composed of the same type of atom throughout.
Created by: trauberk