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Scientific Process

scientific process

Constant A factor that remains fixed during an experiment while the independent and dependent variables change; controlled variable
Control group In a controlled experiment, the group not receiving the factor being tested; the standard to compare to.
Data Quantitative or qualitative information gained from scientific investigation.
Dependent variable Factor being measured in a controlled experiment; its value changes because of the changes to the Independent variable.
Experiment Procedure performed in a controlled setting to test a hypothesis and collect precise data.
Experimental group In a controlled experiment, the group receiving the factor being tested.
Hypothesis Testable explanation of a situation.
Independent variable The one factor that can be changed in a controlled experiment; is the factor tested and affects the experimental outcome.
Inference Assumption based on observations
Observation Orderly, direct information gathered about a phenomenon. Something you can directly see, taste, hear, touch etc.
Peer Review A process in which the procedures used during an experiment may be repeated and the results evaluated by scientists who are in the same field.
Pseudoscience a claim, belief or practice presented as scientific, but which does not adhere to the scientific method.
Science A body of knowledge based on the study of nature
Scientific Method A series of problem-solving procedures that might include observations, forming a hypothesis, experimenting, analyzing data and drawing conclusions.
Theory Explanation of a natural phenomenon based on many observations and investigations over time.
CER Claim, Evidence, & Reasoning - a scientific process that explains a natural phenomenon using evidence and reasoning
Created by: PRO Teacher jhaase