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Respiratory ATI

ATI Pharmacology Made Easy Module: The Respiratory System Notes

What causes airflow disorders? caused by the inflammation of lung airways (secondary to bronchial hypersensitivity)
What are two of the most common airflow disorders? Asthma and COPD
What are some common types of upper respiratory disorders? Allergic Rhinitis, Colds, Cough and Influenza
What is the goal of drug therapy in relation to airflow disorders? to decrease inflammation of the and facilitate dilation of the bronchioles and bronchi
What is the goal of drug therapy in relation to upper respiratory disorders? to decrease the allergic response for allergy-based disorders and minimize the symptoms of viral-based disorders
Six types of drugs to treat airflow disorders Beta 2 Adrenergic agonists, inhaled anticholinergics, methylxanthines, glucocorticoids, mast cell stabilizers, leukotriene modifiers
What do Beta 2 adrenergic agonists stimulate? Beta 2 adrenergic agonists stimluate beta 2 cells of the sympathetic nervous system to relax the bronchi
What do Beta 2 adrenergic agonists treat? short and long-term management of asthma, prevention of EIA (exercise induced asthma), and treatment of ongoing asthma exacerbations
What is the prototype for beta 2 adrenergic agonists? albuterol (Proventil, Ventolin)
What are the goals of beta 2 adrenergic agonists? to promoto bronchodilation, relieve bronchospasms, and help the airways of the lungs to stay open
What are possible side effects of beta 2 adrenergic agonists? Tachychardia (rapid heart rate), heart palpitations, tremors and angina
Created by: jennahamilton