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Medical Term 2.2

general terms

TermDefinition
acute it just started recently or is a sharp, severe symptom
chronic it has been going on for a while now
exacerbation it is getting worse
abrupt all of a sudden
febrile to have a fever
malaise not feeling well
progressive more and more each day
symptom something a patient feels
noncontributory not related to this specific problem
lethargic a decrease in level of consciousness; in a medical record, this is generally a n indications that the patient is really sick
genetic/hereditary it runs in the family
alert able to answer questions; responsive; interactive
oriented
marked it really stands out
unremarkable another way of saying normal
auscultation to listen
percussion to hit something and listen to the resulting sound or feel for the resulting vibration
palpation to feel
impression another way of saying assessment
diagnosis what the health care professional thinks the patient has
differential diagnosis a list of conditions the paient may have based on the symptoms exhibited and the results of the exam
benign safe
malignant dangerous; a problem
degeneration to be getting worse
etiology the cause
remission to get better or improve; most often used when discussing cancer; does not mean cure
idiopathic no known specific cause; it just happens
localized stays in a certain part of the body
systemic/generalized all over the body (or most of it)
morbidity the risk of being sick
mortality the risk of dying
prognosis the chances for things getting better or worse
occult hidden
pathogen the organism that causes the problems
lesion diseased tissue
recurrent to have again
sequelae a problem resulting from a disease or injury
pending waiting for
SOAP Subject, objective, assessment and plan
disposition what happened to the patient at the end of the visit; often used at the end of ED notes to reference where the patient went after the visit
discharge literally, to unload; it has two meanings: 1. to send home 2. fluid coming out of a part of the body
prophylaxis preventive treatment
palliative treating the symptoms, but not actually getting rid of the cause
observation watch, keep an eye on
reassurance to tell the patient that the problem is not serious or dangerous
supportive care to treat the symptoms and make the patient feel better
sterile extremely clean, germ-free conditions; especially important during medical procedures and surgery
proximal closer in to the center
distal farther away from the center
lateral out to the side
medial toward the middle
ventral/antral/anterior the front
dorsal/posterior the back
cranial toward the top
caudal toward the bottom
superior above
inferior below
prone lying down on belly
supine lying down on back
contralateral opposite side
ipsilateral same side
unilateral one side
bilateral both side
dorsum the top of the hand or foot
plantar the sole of the foot
palmar the palm of the hand
sagittal divides the body in slices right to left
coronal divides the body into from front to back
transverse divides the body from top to bottom
physician a skilled health care provider who attended and graduated medical school
pediatrician a physician with special training in caring for children
surgeon a physician qualified to treat patients surgically, that is, by means of operation or invasive procedure
anesthesiologist a physician with special training in pain sedation and pain control
physician assistant a midlevel health care provider who works under the license of supervising physician; requires postgraduate training
nurse practitioner a nurse with postgraduate training that serves as a midlevel health care provider; works under the license of a supervising physician
emergency medical technician specially trained in the emergency care of a patient before and/or during transport to medical facility
speech therapist specially trained in evaluating and treating problems with speech and/or swallowing
occupational therapist specially trained in evaluating and treating problems with performing daily activities at home, school, or work
physical therapist specially trained in evaluating and treating physical impairment including disabilities or recovery from an injury
repiratory therapist specially trained in treating patient's respiratory issues under the guidance of a health care provider
dieticain specially trained in evaluating the nutritional status of a patient and developing an appropriate diet plan
LPN trained and certified to provide basic care to a patient
registered nurses advanced level nurse who has completed an d associate's or bachelor's degree; often assist with patient care planning and patient education
medical assistant trained to carry out basic administrative and clinical tasks under the guidance of a health care provider
pathologist a physician with special training in both evaluating the causes and effects of disease and in laboratory medicine
medical laboratory technician trained in performing laboratory testing on bodily fluids
phlebotomist trained in the removal of blood from the body for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
radiologist a physician specially trained in evaluating images of the body to diagnose illness or injury
radiology technician trained to perform radiologic testing or administer radiation therapy under the direction of a health care provider
ultrasonagrapher trained in performing ultrasound imaging on a patient
pharmacist trained and licensed in preparing and dispensing medicine
pharmacy technician trained to assist a pharmacist with pharmacy-related tasks
patient service coordinator handles administrative tasks and coordinates patient care
medical transcriptionist trained in converting the voice-recorded dictations of health care providers into text format
Created by: sware18