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Vocabulary Week 1

History of Western Endocrinology

QuestionAnswer
Testosterone A steroid hormone that stimulates development of male secondary sexual characteristics, produced mainly in the testes. Not exclusivity limited to males.
Endocrine Glands A gland (or group of tissue) that has a functioning expulsion system,which bears the role of excreting hormones in response to external or internal changes to the bodies environment.
Humoral Based on the Medical Theory of The Four Humors, dealing with the amount of human fluids directly influencing health, particularly in the regard to the bodies immune response involving antibodies in the fluids.
Germ Theory This is a largely accepted Medical Theory which deals with the idea that many diseases are caused by the presence and actions of microorganisms.
Diabetes Mellitus A disease which impairs the body's ability to produce adequate insulin, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in blood and urine.
Diabetes Inspidus A disease which impairs the secretion of the pituitary hormone vasopressin, resulting in the production of very large quantities of dilute urine, often seen with symptoms dehydration and insatiable thirst.
Graves Disease Auto-Immune Impairment where there is an over secretion of thyroid hormone resulting in swelling of neck and eyes.
Goitre Swelling of the neck caused by increase production of thyroid hormone.
Exophthalmos Swelling and bulging of the eye caused by increased thyroid hormone secretion.
Palpitation A rapid or irregular heartbeat typically caused from stress or sickness.
Symptom A physical or mental feature which denotes the presence of a certain type of illness.
Secretion A process by which a substance is produced and discharged from a cell, gland, and organ..
Hormone A secreted regulatory molecule produced form a gland or similar tissue, which gets transported via bodily fluid toward its target cell.
Insulin A regulatory hormone excreted by the Pancreas, which regulates the amount of glucose in the blood
NeuroHormones Hormones that are secreted by neurons and expelled into available body fluid.
Norepinephrine a Neurohormone that is released by the adrenal medulla and by the sympathetic nerves and functions as a neurotransmitter. It is also used as a drug to raise blood pressure.
Glycogen A substance stored within bodily tissue to be used as a source of carbohydrates. It is a polysaccharide used in the production of glucose.
Glucose a simple sugar which acts as a very important source of energy and is a component of many carbohydrates.
Phosphorylase Enzyme An enzyme that, in the presence of inorganic phosphate, catalyzes the conversion of glycogen into glucose-1-phosphate.
Cycli AMP A cyclic form of adenosine monophosphate (adenylic acid) that plays a major role in controlling many enzyme-catalyzed processes in living cells.
Second-Messenger A substance secreted by a cell in response to a "first-messenger" molecule or hormone.
Endocrinology The branch of physiology and medicine concerned with endocrine glands and hormones.
Created by: CesarAvelar