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NLN Exam Review AL

Nursing

QuestionAnswer
Knowledge level define, identify, list
Comprehension level Describe, explain, summarize
Application level apply, demonstrate, use
Analysis level Compare, contrast, differentiate
Synthesis level Construct, develop, formulate
Evaluation level critique, evaluate, judge
Cognitive Domain Learner focuses on aquisition and recall of specific facts, concepts and principles. Simple(knowledge) to complex (synthesis/evaluation)
Affective Domain Learning encompasses attitudes, beliefs,values, feelings and emotions
Psychomotor Domain Encompasses fine motor, gross motor and manual skills. Commonly used in clinical techniques
Formative evaluation occurs while learning process is unfolding
Summative evaluation Completed at the end of a course/program - The final outcome.
Behavioral Learning Theory All behavior is learned and can be shaped/rewarded to attain desired ends.
Cognitive Learning Theory Conditions of learning influence acquisition/retention by modifying existing cognitive structures. Assimilation, accommodation and construction of knowledge are the basic processes of learning
Cognitive Development Learning Theory Development is sequential and progresses in an uneven/interrupted manner through several phases.
Cognitive development: Sociocultural historical influences Learning Theory Learning is interactive and occurs in a social/historical context. Knowledge, ideas, attitudes and values are developed as a result of relationships with people.
Multiple Intelligences Learning Theory Human beings have unique profiles composed of varying degrees of eight and one half research-based intelligences
Adult Education Philosophy Adults are self-directed and problem centered and need to learn useful information
Caring Philosophy Education consists of an integration of humanistic-existential, phenomenological, feminist and caring ideologies
Critical Philosophy The liberation fo thought occurs through analysis of power and realtionships within social structure information
Feminist Philosophy Intellectual growth, activism, and empowerment can change injustice and inequity for all persons.
Humanism Education Motivates the development of human potential
Narrative Pedagogy A practical discourse using nine themes allows education to be gained thru experiences of teachers, students and clinicians to direct nursing education.
Phenomenology Understanding the hows and whys of humans expereince. Perception of events results in learning.
Postmodern Discourse Truth is related to specific context and is constantly being constructed
Nursing's Metaparadigm Includes statements on: Person/client, Nursing, Environement, Health, and sometimes Nursing Education
Metaphysics study of reality vs. what is fantasy/illusion (post-modern in nature)
Epistemology Focus is on: What is truth?
Axiology Focus is on: What is good?
Essentialism Ed. Theory Student encouraged to expand mind by inquiry, discovery, aesthetics, synthesis and application of knowledge to life. Belief in strong liberal arts foundation.(Idealism Philosphy)
Behaviorism Ed. Theory Student subject to natural law; motivated to learn through positive reinforcement; rewareded for scientific objectivity and objective analysis.(Realism Philosophy)
Reconstructionism Ed. Theory Student to expeirence inquiry thru active learning and exploration; involvement in social and community activites (Pragmatist Philosophy)
Progressivism Ed. Theory Students assisted to develop the self through filed trips, lab work, simulation; apply learning to daily life and society (Pragmastist Philosophy)
Humanism Ed. Theory Encouraged to freely choose own path to learning; assume responsibility for life (Existential Philosophy)
Scholarship of Discovery Generation of new knowledge for application and integration into the discipline and teaching; developing knowledge base of Nursing
Scholarship of Integration Interpretation and synthesis of knowledge across discipline boundaries; requires communication and interdisciplinary collaboration
Scholarship of Application Connects theory to practice; "How can knowledge be responsibly applied to consequential problems?" - Service to boards and organizations, policy development
Scholarship of Teaching Requires evidence of effective teaching and dissemination of the knowledge that is aquired as a result of teaching; curriculum development, use of innovative teaching/learning strategies; dissemination of teaching knowledge/expertise
Student learning outcomes inform students about expectations they must meet
module objectives should be linked to course, program and institutional learning outcomes
6 learning domains Knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation
IOM wants ___% to be bachelor's degree by 2020 80
Qualified applicants turned down from BS degrees because lack of faculty and clinical resources
Boyer's 4 types of scholarship discovery integration application teaching
Scholarship of Discovery original research, new knowledge
Scholarship of Integration Interpretation and synthesis of knowledge across disciplines
Scholarship of Application Connects theory and practice (reflection assignments, publications)
Scholarship of Teaching Innovative, variety of teaching methods, dissemination of knowledge about teaching
How many core competencies of Nurse Educators? 8
NLN's Core Competencies 1-5 1. Facilitate learning 2. facilitate learner development and socialization 3. Use assessment and evaluation strategies 4. Participate in curriculum design and evaluation of program outcomes 5. Function as a change agent and leader
NLN Core Competencies 6-8 6. Pursue continuous quality improvement as an educator 7. Engage in scholarship 8. Function within the educational environment
learning either right or wrong Dualism
learning is active mental process. Based on prior knowledge. Focus on acquisition of knowledge Cognitive perspective
Learning comes from concrete experience. Experiential framework
VARK Visual Suditory Read/write kinesthetic
critical thinking applied to decision making process related to diagnosis Clinical reasoning
Does the punishment meet the crime Substantive due process
Receive notice and opportunity to be heard Procedural due process
Buckley Amendment FERPA
All behavior is learned and can be shaped and rewarded Behaviorism
Conditions of learning influence acquisition and retention of knowledge by modifying cognitive structures and forming schema. Assimilation and accommodation are processes of learning Cognitivism
Learners build on existing knowledge through personal experience.Past learning is connected to new learning Constructivism
Students learn by observing others as models of behaviour Social learning theory
Learning occurs via scaffolding. They do some thing independently but need help with others. Help is gradually taken away. Sociocultural learning
Learning happens where it can be applied Situated learnint
Learning occurs in stages over time Cognitive development
Education motivates the development of human potential Humanism
Philosophical approach to understanding human behavior, the lived human experience Phenomenology
Consistant test scores Reliability
Test type that is developed according to a specific set of learning outcomes. Useful for measuring mastery of subject matter Criterion Referenced Test
Test type to rank students, such as the GRE Norm Referenced Test
Another name for a test blueprint Table of specifications
Multiple choice, true/false, matching Selection type exam questions
Fill in the blank, essay, short-answer Supply type exam questions
Measures what it is supposed to measure Validity
Test to measure reliability after single test administration Kuder-Richardson or split half
Reliability co-efficient >_____ is considered good .8
Divides test scores in the middle Median
Type of variability that is calculated by subtracting the lowest score from the highest Range
Type of variability that is the average distance from the mean Standard Deviation
Item difficulty index. Measures percentage correct for the group answering the item P value
P value of ______ separates learners from non learners 0.7-0.8
Way to differentiate student who know content from those who do not item discrimination
Item discrimination score should be above ________ 0.20
Type of evaluation that occurs during instruction Formative
Type of evaluation that occurs after instruction Summative
Focus is on acquisition and use of knowledge Cognitive domain
Focus is on performance of manual or physical skills Psychomotor domain
Focus is on emotions or feelings Affective domain
Kuder-Richardson score that is acceptable for teacher made tests 0.60
Change strategy the assumes people are rational and motivated by own self interests Empirical Rational Change Strategy
Change strategy that assumes people are social and will adhere to cultural norms. Change focuses on organization's culture Normative-Reeducative Change Strategy
Change strategy that assumes people are basically compliant and will do what they are told Power-Coercive Change Strategy
Change strategy that assumes people oppose loss and disruption but they will adapt readily to new circumstances. Burden of change on members not management. Creates new organization instead of changing old one Environmental-Adaptive Change Strategy
Commission with purpose of accountability of higher education Spelling Commission
AACN 6 core RN competencies critical thinking healthcare systems and policy communication illness and disease management ethics information and health care technologies
SWOT Strength Weakness Opportunities Threats
4 Curriculum ideologies Scholar academic social efficiency learner centered social reconstruction
Curriculum ideology with hierarchy from scholar to teacher to student Scholar academic
Curriculum ideology where focus is on service to society Social Efficiency
Curriculum ideology where focus is on individual. Individual learning goals. Learner Centered
Epistemological orientation Content to be covered. Knowledge is the focus
Ontological orientation Learner centered, focused student becoming a nurse
QSEN Quality and Safety Education in Nursing
Examples of blocked curriculum Pediatrics Med/surg
Test Development BOB CAT Blueprint Objectives Bloom's tax Client needs (NCLEX) Analysis data Test results to change for future exams
Idealism perfect world
Realism world is orderly. Science is objective
Essentialism Learn through knowledge from teacher
Perennialism reading, writing, arithmetic
behaviorism stimulus-response
Narrative pedagogy teaching through story telling
empirical knowledge scientific
personal knowledge understand how one would feel in situation
ethical knowledge moral decisions
esthetic knowledge understanding patient's current situation
intrinsic motivation internal. Feeling of accomplishment
extrinsic motivation grades
ARCS Attention Relevance Confidence Satisfaction
Pedagogy art of teaching. How teachers teach
Learning outcomes per hour 2-3
Created by: twdw1124