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Unit 2: Physical Geo

Unit Vocabulary - Physical Geography

TermDefinition
Climate The weather conditions prevailing in an area over a long period of time
Weather State of the atmosphere at a given time and place with regard to temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind, cloudiness and precipitation.
Monsoon In Asia, a seasonal wind that brings warm, moist air from he oceans in summer and cooler, dry air from inland in winter.
Typhoon A violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usually in later summer.
Hurricane A large powerful windstorm that forms over warm ocean waters.
Tsunami A very large ocean wave caused by an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption.
Earthquake A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action.
Erosion The movement of weathered rock and material by wind, glaciers, and moving water.
Deposition When particles being eroded are deposited on a surface.
Canal A man-made waterway constructed to allow the passage of boats inland or to bring water to a particular area for irrigation.
Polder Low-lying area from which seawater has been drained to create new land.
Reservoirs Large natural or artificial lakes used as a source of water supply.
Desertification Process in which arable land becomes desert. Often caused by overgrazing/deforestation.
Agricultural Terracing Method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains that have been formed into a number of level flat areas resembling a series of steps.
Weathering Any of the chemical or mechanical processes by which objects exposed to the weather are worn or broken down.
Tornado Is a violently rotating column of air that extends from a thunderstorm to the ground.
Temperature A comparative measure of hot or cold.
Precipitation A product of condensation of water vapor in the atmosphere that falls due to gravity (rain, sleet, hail, snow)
Seasons Division of the year often marked by changes in weather (hot/cold, wet/dry)
Acid Rain Rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes
Tectonic Plates Pieces of the earth's crust that move around.
Flood An overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry.
Irrigation The artificial application of water to land to assist in the production of crops.
Glacier A large, long-lasting mass of ice.
Ring of Fire An area around the Pacific Ocean where many tectonic plates come together and cause earthquakes and volcanoes.
Created by: kayeit