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definitions for command verbs y7 and y8

describe What? Where? When? Who? Listing steps in process/flow chart, identify key element in data/graphs Observations from: data, experiments, diagrams
explain More than just describing adding the why and the how provides meaning, reasons. Must be in a logical process
examine 1 This is the first step to Analysing – a) In a physical sense – look closely by picking up objects –identify and describe what you see/feel/smell – look at how each aspect you notice works in connection with other aspects in the object
examine 2 b) When looking at documents – you look closely – sort information into categories – similarities, differences, job requirements, function, purpose, class, hierarchies.
analyse 1 Break down information from: experiments, data sets, research, lab experiments into its parts in order to find deeper meaning such as looking for relationships and connections
analyse 2 -Relationships: compare & contrast, causes & effects, problems & solutions, food web, dichotomous keys -usually do this type of thinking to start the process of drawing conclusions, coming up with decisions.
compare This is a specific type of analysis – you break down a component in its parts in order to look for similarities and differences.
reflect 1 This is a stop and think verb – three steps to follow: CONNECT – What does what I have learnt connect to what I already know about the topic/my research question/my hypothesis? What does it mean to me? To the study of Science?
reflect 2 EXPAND-How can this knowledge be expanded upon? (e.g improve an experiment, rephrase my questions, develop more solutions…) So what are the implications for my investigation? To the study of Science?
reflect 3 CHALLENGE: What are the challenges/difficulties/issues I might face in developing my project? What are the challenges/difficulties issues faced by scientists when….
conduct 1 As in an experiment- carry out tests e.g. Decide what the CONTROL elements are – things that do not change when you change an element of the experiment
conduct 2 Decide or use the DEPENDENT variable provided. This is normally the measureable element that occurs after you have made a change. This is what you collect data on.
conduct 3 Decide on which element(s) of the experiment you will change – which will have impact on the element you are measuring. This is the INDEPENDENT variable.
suggest Give a possible idea, explanation, proposal for an experiment, or changed variable in a an experiment This possible idea, explanation, proposal, or change has to logically fit with all of the information provided and it can’t go too far beyond.
infer derive or conclude something from evidence and reasoning, rather than from explicit statements (look deeply at evidence from your primary data – qualitative/quantitative or your secondary data) -listen or read beyond what has been literally expressed;
justify Evidence from: data collected – tables, graphs, statistics, secondary research, experiments undertaken Used to give good reasons why your chosen answer and/or conclusions drawn are correct.
predict give an expected result of an upcoming action or event;
Created by: cogverbs



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