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Unit 6

Conservation of Energy / Energy Transformations

TermDefinition
LAW OF CONSERVATION OF ENERGY STATES THAT ENERGY IS NEITHER CREATED NOR DESTROYED; IT ONLY CHANGES FORM
THERMAL ENERGY TRANSFER OF HEAT BETWEEN SUBSTANCES THAT ARE DIFFERENT TEMPERATURES
CONDUCTION TRANSFER OF HEAT THROUGH DIRECT CONTACT FROM A WARMER SUBSTANCE TO A COOLER SUBSTANCE
CONVECTION TREANSFER OF THERMALENERGY IN A LIQUID OR GAS, IN WHICH THE WARMER SUBSTANCE RISES AND THE COOLER SUBSTANCE SINKS; FORMS A CURRENT
RADIATION THE TRANSFER OF ENERGY FROM A LIGHT SOURCE TO AN OBJECT OF A SUBSTANCE (EX. SUN, FIRE, LIGHT BULB, OR BURNER)
TEMPERATURE MEASURE OF HEAT IN AN OBJECT
ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS (CONVERSION) PROCESS OF ENERGY CHANGING FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER
CHEMICAL ENERGY ENERGY STORED IN THE BONDS OF ATOMS AND MOLECULES OF SUBSTANCES (EX. FOOD, BIOMASS, PETROLEUM, NATURAL GAS, AND PROPANE)
ELECTRICAL ENERGY MOVEMENT OF ELECTRONS (ELECTRONS MOVING THROUGH WIRES IS ELECTRICITY OR LIGHTENING)
LIGHT ENERGY (RADIANT) ENERGY FROM LIGHT WAVES (SOLAR, LIGHT BULB)
MECHANICAL ENERGY (MOTION) MOVEMENT OF OBJECTS OR SUBSTANCES FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER