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cwms geo1

Terms for geo unit test 1

Plants that grow in an area Vegetation
All forms of water, such as rain, snow, sleet and hail that fall to the ground from the atmosphere. Precipitation
A map scale helps you find the actual distance. Scale
The study of the Earth's surface and the processes that shape it, the connnections between places, and the relationships between people and their environment. Geography
Is the condition of the bottom layer of the Earth's atmosphere in one place over a short period of time (temperature and prcipitation). Weather
A misrepresentation of the true shape, each projection produces some distortion. Distortion
A representation of the Earth's rounded, surface on a flat piece of paper. Projection
Imaginary line that circles the Earth at its widest point (latitude lines) Equator
A series of imaginary lines, circle the Earth parallel to the Equator, measure distance north or south of the equator. Latitude Lines
Imaginary lines that measure the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian. Longitude Lines
The weather patterns that an area typically experiences over a long period of time. Climate
A symbol on a compass or a map Compass Rose
Four principal points of a compass Cardinal Directions
Imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole (longitude lines) Prime Meridian
North-east (NE), north-west (NW), south-west (SW), and south-east (SE). Intermediate Directions
Tells you what a map shows Map Title
Location, Movement, Region, Interaction, Place The five themes of Geography
Circle Sphere
Half of a Circle Hemisphere
The weather pattern over a long period of time. Climate
The condition of the air over a short period of time. Temerature, Precipitation, Wind. Weather (daily)
The hotness and coldness of the air measured with a thermometer. Temperature
Plant made by itself Natural Vegetation
The major mountain range in western North America Rocky Mountains
A huge, slo-moving mass of snow and ice. glacier
The world's largest group of freshwater lakes Great Lakes
A river of stream that flows into a larger river. tributary
A cold, dry region covered with snow for more than half the year. tundra
A permanently frozen layer of ground below the top layer of soil Permafrost
A political division of land in Canada province
Fertile topsoil left by a river, especially after a flood alluvial soil
A large company that runs huge farms agribusiness
Electric power produced by moving water hydroelectricity
A fuel formed over millions of years from animal and plant remains fossil fuel
These occur when magma, or molten rock, breaks through the earths crust volcano
Which bodies of water lie on the border between the United States and Canada? The Great Lakes
Name the Great Lakes Lake Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie and Superior. (Acrostic = HOMES) Huron-Ontario-Michigan-Erie-Superior
The major rivers of Canada Mackenzie river and St. Lawrence river.
The major rivers of the United States Mississippi river
The boundary that separates rivers flowing to the Pacific Ocean from those flowing to the Atlantic Ocean. Continental Divide
Name the four major kinds of natural vegetation in the United States and Canada. Coniferous Trees (pine, fir, spruce), Deciduous Trees (shed their leaves in the fall), Shrubs (in desert scrub region), Grasses (found in praries)
How do oceans effect climate Water heats up and cools down slower than land. Wind blowing across water on to land tend to warm the land in winter and cool the land in summer. Areas near an ocean tend to have milder climates.
Regions of lfat or rolling land covered with grasses. Prairie
Created by: mrpearsall