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Evol. psy. Ch. 6

p. 186-95

TermDefinition
men in most cultures pursue extramarital sex more than do their wives
men, far more than women solicit prostitutes
hooking up spontaneous sexual interactions with no traditional romantic relationships and no explicit promise of future sex
friends with benefits (FWB) traditional friendship with sex as a benefit
male ideal outcome of a hookup further hookups
female ideal outcome of a hookup traditional romantic relationship
men are more likely to construe a relationship as FWB
women are more likely to construe a relationship as an early stage in a romantic relationship
women more likely to report feelings of being used depressed after one-night-stands
clues to ancestral non-monogamous mating behavioral, physiological, psychological
behavioral cues to ancestral non-monogamous mating extramarital affairs, prostitution, hook-ups, FWB
physiological cues to ancestral non-monogamous mating sperm volume, variations in sperm insemmination
psychological cues to ancestral non-monogamous mating desire to seek sex sooner and variety, lowering standards, minimizing commitment, regret from sex omission, closing time phenomena, sexual fantasies
female orgasm may function to draw sperm into cervical canal and uterus, increasing probability of conception
women having affairs more likely have orgasms with their affair than regular partner
20-50 percent of married women have affairs in US
adaptive benefits to women of short-term mating resources, genes, mate switching, mate skill acquisition, mate manipulation
paternity confusion hypothesis each man might be willing ton offer some investment in the woman's children on the chance they have their genes
consorting with another man might give a woman added protection
temporary liaison with high status man might elevate her social standing among her peers
genetic benefit hypothesis short-term mate sperm will enhance fertility if mate infertile, high status affair might give better genes, enhance genetic diversity of children
mate switching hypothesis find a better man and have a short-term affair as means of switching mates
mate expulsion hypothesis initiate a breakup with poor, abusive mate, undesirable mate
short-term for long-term goals hypothesis use short-term affair to assess and evaluate her compatibility with man and reveal hidden costs (children, deception)
women dislike short-term mate if there are signs of existing relationship, attribute of promiscuity
women may use short-term mating to hone her skills of attraction and seduction so she can attract long-term mate
mate manipulation hypothesis gain revenge on her husband for infidelity, increase commitment with evidence other man interested
women (exclusively) shot-term mating may be viewed as promiscuous, are at greater risk of physical and sexual abuse, pregnancy without male investment, infanticide
unfaithful married women risks withdrawal of husband's resources, increasing sibling competition, stds
accrual hypothesis women in short-term relationships prize physical attractiveness, immediate resources (extravagant lifestyle)
women who have affairs are less happy with their current partner, emotionally and sexually (mate switching hypothesis)
women justify affairs to get love and emotional intimacy (short-term for long-term goals and mate switching hypotheses)
women's benefits of extra pair mating easier to break with current partner,
contexts promoting women's extra pair mating (supporting mate switching hypothesis) partner's affair or unwilling to have sex, abusive, unwilling to spend time with her, less successful, better financial prospects
women highly likely to recieve resources for sex (dinner, money, jewelry, clothing)
men not bothered by women being already in a long-term relationship
reasons for women having affair with male physically attractive, might lead to something long-lasting
good genes hypothesis highly desirable to other women and more symmetrical man willing to have brief encounter with less desirable women if no entangling commitments
women's ovulation preferences prefer symmetry, masculinity, creative intelligence, direct inter-sexual competitiveness
women rate partner low on sexual attractiveness only at ovulation
Created by: james22222222