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Blinn Patho

Paramedic Patho

QuestionAnswer
A pH of less than 7.35 in the body due to an excess of hydrogen ions is: acidosis
Adipose tissue is composed of: fat
A substance that gives up protons during chemical reactions is a: acid
a high energy compound present in all cells that when split yields energy is: ATP
A low concentration of hydrogen ions; a pH above 7.45; an excess of base in the body is: alkalosis
The first stage of metabolism that does not require oxygen (the breakdown of glucose producing pyruvic acid and yields very little energy) is: anaerobic metabolism
A marker on the surface of the cell that identifies it as "self" or nonself" is: antigen
Preprogrammed cellular death is: apoptosis
A decrease in cell size resulting from decreased workload is: atrophy
The type of white blood cells that, in response to the presence of an antigen, produces antibodies that attack the antigen, develop a memory for the antigen, and confer long term immunity to the antigen is: B lymphocytes
Substances that acquire protons during chemical reactions are: Bases
Not cancerous, not able to spread to other tissues is: Benign
When coping mechanisms no longer buffer job stressors, this is: Burnout
Epinephrine and Norepinephrine are categorized as: Catecholamines
An ion with a positive charge is a/an: Cation
An ion with a negative charge is a/an: Anion
Proteins that are the main component of connective tissue are: Collagen
The early stage of shock during which the body's compensatory mechanisms are able to maintain normal perfusion is: Compensated shock
This is referred to as the "stress hormone" Cortisol
The thick fluid that fills the cell is called: Cytoplasm
The removal of dead cells principally through phagocytosis is called: Debridement
The emptying of granules from the interior of mast cells is called: Degranulation
The movement of atoms or molecules from high concentration to low concentration is called: Diffusion
A change in cell size, shape, or appearance caused by an external stressor is called: Dysplasia
A negatively charged particle that orbits the nucleus is called a/an: Electron
The process in which carrier proteins transport large molecules across the cell membrane is called: Facilitated diffusion
Atoms or molecules with unpaired electrons in their outer shell that cause damage are called: Free radicals
The body's dynamic steady state is called: Homeostasis
Attracted to water is defined as: hydrophilic
An excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood is called: Hypercarbia
An increase in cell size is: Hypertrophy
A decreased partial pressure of oxygen in the blood is: Hypoxemia
The fluid in body tissues that is outside the cells and outside the vascular system is called: Interstitial fluid
The fluid within the circulatory system is called: Intravascular fluid
White blood cells are called: Leukocytes
Excessive vomiting could create what acid/base problem? Metabolic alkalosis
DKA could create what type of acid/base problem? Metabolic acidosis
The replacement of one type of cell by another type of cell that is not normal for that tissue is called: Metaplasia
The movement of cancer cells to other areas of the body is called: Metastasis
A tumor resulting from neoplasia is called a: Neoplasm
The movement of a solvent (usually water) in a solution from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration is called: Osmosis
The bond that holds amino acids together is called a: Peptide bond
The process whereby a cell engulfs (eats) large bacteria is called: Phagocytosis
The scale that measures the hydrogen ions in the body is called: pH
The class of lipids that form the membrane that surrounds cells are called: Phospholipids
An unequal covalent bond is called a: Polar bond
A positively charged particle within the nucleus of an atom is called a/an: Proton
A foreign protein capable of producing fever is a/an: Pyrogen
Acidity caused by abnormal retention of carbon dioxide resulting from impaired ventilation is called: Respiratory acidosis
A chemical similar to DNA that serves as a template for protein synthesis is: RNA
A mechanism of active transport, powered by ATP, that moves sodium ions out and potassium ions into the cell is called the: Sodium Potassium pump
This type of white blood cell attacks antigens directly. It is called: T lymphocytes
These are considered the powerhouse of the cell: Mitochondria
A respiratory rate of 4, pH of 7.26, ETCO2 of 68, HCO3 of 24 represents what acid/base condition? Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
A respiratory rate of 12, pH of 7.26, ETCO2 of 38, HCO3 of 29 represents what acid/base condition? Uncompensated metabolic acidosis
The human somatic cell nucleus contains how many chromosomes? 46
K+ is: Potassium
A respiratory rate of 36, pH of 7.56, ETCO2 of 28, HCO3 of 24 represents what acid/base condition? Uncompensated respiratory alkalosis
Normal saline and Lactated Ringers are what types of solution? Isotonic Crystalloids
A solution that does not cause a fluid shift in a patient is a/an: Isotonic
A solution that has a higher solute concentration than the cells of the body is said to be what type of solution? Hypertonic
A solution that has a lower solute concentration than the cells of the body is said to be what type of solution? Hypotonic
The abbreviation for sodium is: Na
D5W is what type of solution? Hypotonic
A person has a disease where the predisposing factors can't be identified. The disease is said to be: Idiopathic
The total number of protons and neutrons in an atom is referred to as the: Mass number
Oxygen has an atomic number of: Eight
Glycogenolysis is the breakdown of glycogen into: Glucose
The normal pH range in the body is: 7.35-7.45
The normal HCO3 range in the body is: 22-26
The normal ETCO2 range in the body is: 35-45
If the pH drops, that means the hydrogen ions have: Increased
The fastest pH buffer system is the: Carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer system
Carbonic acid is broken down into what molecules? Water and Carbon dioxide
60% of your total body weight is from: Water
Most of the human body's water is found in this fluid: Intracellular
Hyponatremia is too little of what? Sodium
Too much potassium in the blood is called: Hyperkalemia
Too much Ca++ in the blood is called: Hypercalcemia
Red blood cells are called: Erythrocytes
This portion of the blood helps to clot, also called thrombocytes: Platelets
The percentage of blood occupied by erythrocytes is the: Hematocrit
This portion of the cell serves as the "garbage disposal" and removes worn out parts: Lysosomes
C6H12O6 is what molecule? Glucose
ATP stands for: Adenosine triphosphate
The first stage of cellular respiration is: Glycolysis
Cellular respiration in total (all 3 stages) produces roughly how many ATP? 36
The breakdown of glucose without oxygen is called: Fermentation
These type of tissues connects bone to bone Ligaments
Inadequate perfusion, sometimes called shock, is called: Hypoperfusion
The resistance against which the ventricle must contract is called: Afterload
The amount of blood pumped by the heart in 1 minute is called: Cardiac output
The stage of shock where medical interventions will not longer be able to save the patient is: Irreversible shock
This type of shock is "pump failure" Cardiogenic shock
This type of shock can be from damage to the spinal cord: Neurogenic shock
This type of shock could be the result of the body responding to a foreign substance: Anaphylactic shock
Bleeding or loss of fluid would lead to this type of shock if untreated: Hypovolemic shock
This type of shock results from a severe systemic infection: Septic shock
This type of immunoglobulin, though least concentrated, is the principal antibody in anaphylaxsis: IgE
Stimulation of B1 receptors would have what effect on heart rate? Increase
Created by: jvrooman