Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Blinn Patho

Paramedic Patho

A pH of less than 7.35 in the body due to an excess of hydrogen ions is: acidosis
Adipose tissue is composed of: fat
A substance that gives up protons during chemical reactions is a: acid
a high energy compound present in all cells that when split yields energy is: ATP
A low concentration of hydrogen ions; a pH above 7.45; an excess of base in the body is: alkalosis
The first stage of metabolism that does not require oxygen (the breakdown of glucose producing pyruvic acid and yields very little energy) is: anaerobic metabolism
A marker on the surface of the cell that identifies it as "self" or nonself" is: antigen
Preprogrammed cellular death is: apoptosis
A decrease in cell size resulting from decreased workload is: atrophy
The type of white blood cells that, in response to the presence of an antigen, produces antibodies that attack the antigen, develop a memory for the antigen, and confer long term immunity to the antigen is: B lymphocytes
Substances that acquire protons during chemical reactions are: Bases
Not cancerous, not able to spread to other tissues is: Benign
When coping mechanisms no longer buffer job stressors, this is: Burnout
Epinephrine and Norepinephrine are categorized as: Catecholamines
An ion with a positive charge is a/an: Cation
An ion with a negative charge is a/an: Anion
Proteins that are the main component of connective tissue are: Collagen
The early stage of shock during which the body's compensatory mechanisms are able to maintain normal perfusion is: Compensated shock
This is referred to as the "stress hormone" Cortisol
The thick fluid that fills the cell is called: Cytoplasm
The removal of dead cells principally through phagocytosis is called: Debridement
The emptying of granules from the interior of mast cells is called: Degranulation
The movement of atoms or molecules from high concentration to low concentration is called: Diffusion
A change in cell size, shape, or appearance caused by an external stressor is called: Dysplasia
A negatively charged particle that orbits the nucleus is called a/an: Electron
The process in which carrier proteins transport large molecules across the cell membrane is called: Facilitated diffusion
Atoms or molecules with unpaired electrons in their outer shell that cause damage are called: Free radicals
The body's dynamic steady state is called: Homeostasis
Attracted to water is defined as: hydrophilic
An excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood is called: Hypercarbia
An increase in cell size is: Hypertrophy
A decreased partial pressure of oxygen in the blood is: Hypoxemia
The fluid in body tissues that is outside the cells and outside the vascular system is called: Interstitial fluid
The fluid within the circulatory system is called: Intravascular fluid
White blood cells are called: Leukocytes
Excessive vomiting could create what acid/base problem? Metabolic alkalosis
DKA could create what type of acid/base problem? Metabolic acidosis
The replacement of one type of cell by another type of cell that is not normal for that tissue is called: Metaplasia
The movement of cancer cells to other areas of the body is called: Metastasis
A tumor resulting from neoplasia is called a: Neoplasm
The movement of a solvent (usually water) in a solution from an area of lower solute concentration to an area of higher solute concentration is called: Osmosis
The bond that holds amino acids together is called a: Peptide bond
The process whereby a cell engulfs (eats) large bacteria is called: Phagocytosis
The scale that measures the hydrogen ions in the body is called: pH
The class of lipids that form the membrane that surrounds cells are called: Phospholipids
An unequal covalent bond is called a: Polar bond
A positively charged particle within the nucleus of an atom is called a/an: Proton
A foreign protein capable of producing fever is a/an: Pyrogen
Acidity caused by abnormal retention of carbon dioxide resulting from impaired ventilation is called: Respiratory acidosis
A chemical similar to DNA that serves as a template for protein synthesis is: RNA
A mechanism of active transport, powered by ATP, that moves sodium ions out and potassium ions into the cell is called the: Sodium Potassium pump
This type of white blood cell attacks antigens directly. It is called: T lymphocytes
These are considered the powerhouse of the cell: Mitochondria
A respiratory rate of 4, pH of 7.26, ETCO2 of 68, HCO3 of 24 represents what acid/base condition? Uncompensated respiratory acidosis
A respiratory rate of 12, pH of 7.26, ETCO2 of 38, HCO3 of 29 represents what acid/base condition? Uncompensated metabolic acidosis
The human somatic cell nucleus contains how many chromosomes? 46
K+ is: Potassium
A respiratory rate of 36, pH of 7.56, ETCO2 of 28, HCO3 of 24 represents what acid/base condition? Uncompensated respiratory alkalosis
Normal saline and Lactated Ringers are what types of solution? Isotonic Crystalloids
A solution that does not cause a fluid shift in a patient is a/an: Isotonic
A solution that has a higher solute concentration than the cells of the body is said to be what type of solution? Hypertonic
A solution that has a lower solute concentration than the cells of the body is said to be what type of solution? Hypotonic
The abbreviation for sodium is: Na
D5W is what type of solution? Hypotonic
A person has a disease where the predisposing factors can't be identified. The disease is said to be: Idiopathic
The total number of protons and neutrons in an atom is referred to as the: Mass number
Oxygen has an atomic number of: Eight
Glycogenolysis is the breakdown of glycogen into: Glucose
The normal pH range in the body is: 7.35-7.45
The normal HCO3 range in the body is: 22-26
The normal ETCO2 range in the body is: 35-45
If the pH drops, that means the hydrogen ions have: Increased
The fastest pH buffer system is the: Carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffer system
Carbonic acid is broken down into what molecules? Water and Carbon dioxide
60% of your total body weight is from: Water
Most of the human body's water is found in this fluid: Intracellular
Hyponatremia is too little of what? Sodium
Too much potassium in the blood is called: Hyperkalemia
Too much Ca++ in the blood is called: Hypercalcemia
Red blood cells are called: Erythrocytes
This portion of the blood helps to clot, also called thrombocytes: Platelets
The percentage of blood occupied by erythrocytes is the: Hematocrit
This portion of the cell serves as the "garbage disposal" and removes worn out parts: Lysosomes
C6H12O6 is what molecule? Glucose
ATP stands for: Adenosine triphosphate
The first stage of cellular respiration is: Glycolysis
Cellular respiration in total (all 3 stages) produces roughly how many ATP? 36
The breakdown of glucose without oxygen is called: Fermentation
These type of tissues connects bone to bone Ligaments
Inadequate perfusion, sometimes called shock, is called: Hypoperfusion
The resistance against which the ventricle must contract is called: Afterload
The amount of blood pumped by the heart in 1 minute is called: Cardiac output
The stage of shock where medical interventions will not longer be able to save the patient is: Irreversible shock
This type of shock is "pump failure" Cardiogenic shock
This type of shock can be from damage to the spinal cord: Neurogenic shock
This type of shock could be the result of the body responding to a foreign substance: Anaphylactic shock
Bleeding or loss of fluid would lead to this type of shock if untreated: Hypovolemic shock
This type of shock results from a severe systemic infection: Septic shock
This type of immunoglobulin, though least concentrated, is the principal antibody in anaphylaxsis: IgE
Stimulation of B1 receptors would have what effect on heart rate? Increase
Created by: jvrooman