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Cell Cycle

TermDefinition
Prophase The nuclear membrane starts to degenerate, the chromatin condenses into individual chromosomes (1st phase)
Metaphase Start to see sister chromatids attach to the spindle fibers and line up along the equator of the cell
G 1 Phase Initial growth phase during which the cell grows, develops, and carries out activities specific to the cell type
Cleavage Furrow Divot between two cells
Interphase Cell does its normal daily activities: growth, protein synthesis, cellular respiration, etc.
Anaphase Spindle fiber shorten, pulls centromeres apart, sister chromatids migrate to the opposite ends
G2 Phase second growth stage, cell makes final preparations for cell division
Centrioles and Mitotic Spindles Forms during prophase in this they begin migrating to opposite poles of the cells
S Phase Period in which the cell's DNA is replicated
Homologous Chromosomes Chromosomes, humans have 23 pairs of them
Cytokinesis the cell elongates
Sister Chromatids homologous chromosomes, set of "identical twins"
Telophase divot forms between the two cells (cleavage furrow), cell pinches into two identical daughter cells
Mitosis Cellular Division
Daughter Cells The two new cells after mitosis
G 0 Phase atomic cells: said to be in the "G not" phase
Created by: A&P122