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Bio X II

QuestionAnswer
Equation for Photosynthesis H2O + CO2 -> Energy + C6H12O6 + O2
Equation for Cellular Respiration C6H12O6 + O2 -> Energy + CO2 + H2O
Location of Photosynthesis Cloroplasts
Location of Cellular Respiration Mitochondria
2 Reasons why cells divide I.Repair II.Size Control
Pros/Cons of Meiosis/Sexual Reproduction pros |cons more cells |partner needed Genetic diversity |longer process
Pros/Cons of Mitosis/Asexual Reproduction pros|cons No partner needed |Less genetic diversity Exact copy for repair|Less net cells
Location of DNA Nucleolus
Sets of Chromosomes:Meiosis 2N -> N
Sets of Chromosomes:Mitosis 2N -> 2N
Number of Divisions:Mitosis 1
Number of Divisions:Meiosis 2
Net Number of Cells:Mitosis 2
Net Number of Cells:Meiosis 4
What is a Mutation? Any change in the DNA of a cell
What is Cancer? Uncontrolled growth of a cell
What is the name of a cancer causing substance Carcinogen
What are Stem Cells? Cells that become another type of cell
What is differentiation The process of cells developing a different function.
What is crossing-over? The process of trading chunks of DNA
What is dominance? One trait shown in a heterozygous genotype.
Heterozygous genotype Aa
Homozygous dominant genotype AA
Homozygous recessive genotype aa
What is a phenotype? Observable result of a genotype
What is a genotype? Trait that is seen in the genome
What is true-breeding? Breeding two homozygous organisms
What is genetic probability? Probability of a trait to occur
Chargaff's Rule A=T(U) C=G
Four parts of a nucleotide Sugar, Phosphate, Nitrogen base, Hydrogen bond
What is the Central Dogma of Biology DNA--Transcription-->RNA--Translation-->Protien
Created by: wils507