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Geography Exam SG

Hemisphere half of the globe
Equator an imaginary line that circles the middle of the Earth; makes Northern and Southern hemispheres
Prime Meridian imaginary line that runs North to South; makes Eastern and Western hemispheres
Degree unit of measurement of latitude and longitude
Grid set of lines used to find location on a map
Absolute Location exact position of a place on the Earth’s surface; measured in latitude and longitude
Latitude imaginary parallel lines that circle the Earth; run east to west; measure distance north or south of the Equator
Longitude imaginary lines, or meridians; run north to south; measure distance east or west of the Prime Meridian
Map Key explains symbols and colors used on a map
Scale Bar shows distance on a map
Compass Rose shows direction on a map
Cardinal Directions north, south, east, west
Intermediate Directions northwest, southwest, northeast, southeast
Physical Map map that shows landforms and water features
Political Map map that shows human-made features (boundaries, cities)
Thematic Map map that shows specific topics in detail
GPS device that receives signals from satellites to tell exact locations on the Earth
GIS computer software that helps geographers gather and use information about a place
Landform land or water feature of the Earth's surface
Natural Resources products of the Earth that people use to meet their needs
Renewable Resources cannot be used up; can be replaced
Nonrenewable Resources cannot be replaced; limited supply
Acid Rain rain containing high amounts of chemical pollutants
Deforestation cutting down trees without replanting
Conservation careful use of resources
Ecosystems places where plants and animals are dependent upon one another and their surroundings to live
Death Rate number of people out of every 1,000 who die in a year
Birthrate number of children born each year for every 1,000 people
Famine lack of food
Population Density average number of people living in a square mile or kilometer
Urbanization movement to cities
Emigrate move to another country
Refugee person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or a natural disaster
Developed Country industrialized country; more developed country; For Example: The United States of America
Developing Country a poor agricultural country that is working to become a developed country; working toward industrialization
Atmosphere the air; the gases surrounding Earth
Lithosphere the geosphere; the outer part of Earth consisting of the upper mantle and crust
Hydrosphere all the water on Earth
Biosphere living things; the part of the Earth's crust, waters, and atmosphere that supports life
Abroad in a foreign country
Border natural or artificial line separating two pieces of land
Export good or service traded to another area
Free Trade international exchange of goods and services without taxes or other fees
Globalization connection of different parts of the world resulting in the expansion of international cultural, economic, and political activities
Import good traded from another area
Migrant person who regularly moves from place to place, usually in search of work
Popular Culture goods, services, ideas, and patterns of their use in a population
Port place on a body of water where ships can tie up or dock and load and unload cargo
Raw Material matter that needs to be processed into a product to use or sell
Standard of Living amount of goods and services a person in a specific community or geographic area is able to afford
Tariff tax imposed on imports or exports
Trade buying, selling, or exchanging of goods and services
Negotiation talk it over and try to compromise
Mediation a third party helps solve the problem
Treaty deal or agreement
Sanctions cut off trade, aid, or diplomacy to a country
Foreign Policy a country’s strategy for dealing with other countries
Policy a plan that includes an overall goal and the kinds of actions that are okay to take in order to achieve the goal
National Interest all the things a country believes would be for its benefit
Internationalism a country chooses to get involved in other
Isolationism a country focuses on its own problems and does not get involved in other countries’ issues
Conflict when you disagree or quarrel with someone
Cooperation when you agree or work with someone
International Conflict when countries disagree
International Cooperation when countries have something to gain by working together to solve problems
Organization a group of people, business, or governments that work together to solve an issue
International Organizations involve governments or people from different countries working together to solve an issue that crosses country border
Intergovernmental Organizations organizations that were formed between governments
Nongovernmental Organizations groups that solve problems around the world; they are not connected to any government; the government doesn’t own the organizations
Created by: kaleighfields