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Orchestra Final

11th Grade 2nd Semester

vivace lively
andante walking tempo
largo slow
enharmonic pitches notes that sound the same but are written differently
sforzando with sudden emphasis
musical sequence restatement of a motif
hemiola 2 groups of 3 beats replaced with 3 groups of 2 beats
dolce sweetly
cantabile songlike
staccato with space
spiccato bouncing bow
legato smooth, long
sempre always
marcato hammered, marked and accented note
tenuto stretch the tempo
top number number of beats in a measure
bottom number type of note equal to one beat
ritardando gradually slow down
a tempo go back to the original tempo
formula for w and h of a scale WWHWWWH
chromatic rising passage of notes every half step
rubato slowing or speeding at the performer's discretion
pizzicato pluck the string
common time 4 beats per measure
ostinato a recurring rhythmic figure
scale degrees for arpeggio 1,3,5,8
half steps in between which scale degrees 3+4, 7+8
pickup note is up
music type with only f and p dynamics Baroque
J.S Bach Baroque
Mozart Classical
Wagner Romantic
Puccini Romantic
sul tasto over the fingerboard
sul ponticello near the bridge
first note of a scale tonic
5th note of a scale dominant
piu little more
leading tone of a scale seven
pesante heavy
divisi divided parts
tutti all play together
gradually get louder crescendo
gradually play softer decrescendo
accelerando gradually play faster
who first used fp Gabrieli
timbre distinct sound
dc go to the beginning
ds al coda go to the sign
presto very fast
allegro fast
Created by: studystacksat