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Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Scapular pertaning to the scapula
DVT deep vein thrombosis
gastroenterologist a branch of medicine concerned with the structure, functions, diseases, and pathology of the stomach and intestines
Hypertension abnormally high blood pressure and especially arterial blood pressure
Antepartum before childbirth
pyuria pus in the urine
hemat/o blood
-poiesis formation
-plasty formation or plastic repair of
cyst/o bladder
Atherosclerosis is the build up of a waxy plaque on the inside of blood vessels.
Plantar Relating to the sole of the foot.
flexion the act of bending or the condition of being bent.
Eversion a turning inside out; a turning outward.
Dorsiflexion backward flexion or bending, as of the hand or foot
Inversion a turning inward, inside out, or other reversal of the normal relation of a part.
Cubital pertaining to the elbow.
cranial pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body
popliteal pertaining to the area behind the knee.
Carpal pertaining to the carpus, or wrist.
lipid fats
nutr/i nutrition
hypo below;under
-itis inflammation
-emia denoting that a substance is present in the blood
-hyper excessive: above
-calc/i lime or calcium
kali potassium
dacryorrhea An excessive flow of tears.
macrophage a large phagocytic cell found in stationary form in the tissues or as a mobile white blood cell, especially at sites of infection.
ad lib as desired also know as PRN
centesis puncture
immunopathy any abnormal immune response.
fasci/o bundle
-tomy Act of cutting; incision
pneumo .Air; gas
SOB shortness of breath
-ectomy surgical removal
physi/o natural, relating to physics.
fibr/o fiber
-rraphy surgical suture
lithotripsy Pulverization of kidney stones or gallstones
Onychomalacia Abnormal softness of the nails.
Xanth/o color yellow
Dermatome cutting instrument for skin grafting or slicing thin skin
distal situated away from the point of attachment
dermatomyosis skin disease caused by fungus
proximal pertaining to any point on the body near the center
chondrocyte one of the cells in bedded in the lacunae to the cartilage matrix
colonoscopy is a medical procedure where a long, flexible, tubular instrument called the colonoscope is used to view the entire inner lining of the colon (large intestine) and the rectum.
dystaxia lack of muscle coordination
lateral pertaining to a side.
myoma a tumor formed of muscle tissue.
myastheria muscular disability or weakness
superior above
dyskinesia impairment of the power of voluntary movement
inferior below
HPV Human papillomavirus
polydipsic excessive thirst
scleroderma progressive disease that affects skin and connective tissue
medial middle
episi- vulva
-trophy nutrition.
adren- adrenal glands.
aer/o a gas; aerial, gassy.
-ism a condition,
crypt/o Hidden, obscure; without apparent cause.
cortic/o cortex or bark
cystocele Hernia of the bladder, usually into the vagina
tachypnea Rapid breathing.
intracellular Within a cell or cells.
metr/o The uterus
cephalodynia Headache.
EKG electrocardiogram
andr/o Informal
-megaly enlarged: bigness
a-phobia without fear
stenosis an abnormal narrowing or contraction of a body passage or opening
sublingual beneath the tongue
DM diabetes mellitus
Athr/o joint
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
irid/o of the eye
biopsy removal and examination, usually microscopic, of tissue from the living body
c with
olfact a unit of odor
Created by: Vickky