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Music Semester Test

Terms for the Band and Choir semester test

TermDefinition
Accidental Chromatic alteration of a note from the key signature until the next bar line
Cut Time 2/2 time (also known as Alla Breve)
Crescendo Becoming louder
Decrescendo Becoming softer
Dynamics The level of loudness
Fermata A pause or hold
Fine The end
Legato Smooth, even, without breaks between notes
Key Signature Sharps or flats placed at the beginning of a selection indicating its key
Solo A part for one performer
Soli A section solo, a group of soloists
Staccato Detached
Tempo Rate of speed
Tenuto (ten.) Held, sustained for full value
Tutti all, with all performers
Unison Together on the same part or in octaves
Chromatic Scale Scales which proceed by half-step from the first to the last note
Flat Lowers a pitch by 1/2 step
Sharp Raises a pitch by 1/2 step
Natural Cancels out a sharp or flat
Slur A curved line over two or more notes indicating that only the first note is to be tongued
Tie A curved line connecting two or more notes of the same pitch and uniting them into a single sound equal to their combined duration
Common Time 4/4 Time
Time Signature The two numbers following the clef that indicate the number of beats per measure and what type of note gets one beat (2/4= 2 beats per measure and the quarter note gets the beat)