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Heat Unit

Terms for our heat test are available for review.

Matter anything that takes up space and has mass.
Everything is made of particles
These particles are always moving
Each pure substance has it’s own type of particle
When these particles gain energy, they move faster and need more space
When these particles lose energy, they move slower and need less space
expands increases in volume “gets bigger”
contracts decreases in volume “gets smaller”
The Four states of matter are Solid, liquid, gas, plasma
Solidification (Freezing) when a liquid turns into a solid
Fusion (melting) when a solid turns into a liquid
Condensation when a gas turns into a liquid
Evaporation when a liquid turns into a gas
Sublimation when a gas turns into a solid or a solid turns into a gas without turning into a liquid.
Temperature The average kinetic energy
Thermometer A device used to measure temperature.
Celsius temperature scale used in Canada
Fahrenheit Temperature scale used in the US
Freezing temperature of Water 0 oC
Boiling temperature of Water 100 oC
Body temperature 37 oC
Thermocouple a thermometer that uses electricity to measure high temperatures.
Bimetallic Strip two different metals bonded together that expand and contract in different amounts - it bends
Clinical thermometer used to measure human body temperatures
Infrared thermogram different temperatures seen as colours.
Laboratory Thermometer A thermometer used for experiments
Kinetic Energy energy of moving particles
Thermal Energy the TOTAL kinetic energy
Heat the TRANSFER of thermal energy
Created by: devon science



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