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Philosophy Final

equivocation one word, two meanings
amphiboly one sentence, two meanings
accent emphasis on a specific part of the sentence
slanting connotation (feeling of word)
straw man refuting a weak version of your opponents argument
ad hominem attacking the person rather than the claim
ad verecundiam appealing to an illegitimate authority
ad baculum appeal to force
ad misericordiam appeal to pity
ad ignominiam appeal to shame
ad populum appeal to the masses
ad ignorantiam appeal to ignorance
dicto simplicitor saying something too simply
composition part to a whole
division whole to a part
non sequitur nothing to do with the argument
ignoratio elenchi irrelevant conclusion
begging the question assume what you're trying to prove
complex question can't be answered without asking another question
hasty generalization based on few examples
post hoc ergo propter hoc false cause
hypothesis contrary to the fact if only
3 rules for a good definition coextensive (not too broad or narrow); clear, literal, and brief; not negative or circular
material cause what the thing is made of
efficient cause what brought the thing into being
final cause what the thing is used for
formal cause what gives the thing its form
Created by: devenmccormick