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Chapter 16 Funds

Health Promotion

What are the 4 main characteristics of homeostatic mechanisms? 1) Self-regulating 2)Compensatory 3)Tend to be related by negative feedback 4)May require several feedback mechanisms to correct only one physiological problem
What does self-regulation mean? Homeostatic mechanisms come into play automatically in the healthy person. However, if the person is ill, or if an organ such as a lung is injured, the homeostatic mechanism may not be able to respond to the stimulus as they would normally.
What is holism? Emphasizes that nurses must keep the whole person in mind and strive to understand how one area of concern relates to the whole person. The nurse must also consider the relationship of the individual to the external environment and to others
Example of holism? EX: in helping a man who is grieving the death of his spouse, the nurse explores the impact of the loss on the whole person (i.e., on the man’s appetite, rest and sleep pattern, energy level, relationship with others).
Name the 5 levels of human needs. • Physiological needs • Safety and security needs • Love & Belonging needs • Self Esteem needs
Physiological needs: Such as air, food, water, shelter, rest, sleep, activity, and temperature maintenance are crucial for survival
Safety and security needs: Need for safety has both physical and physiological aspects. The person needs to feel safe, both in the physical environment and in relationships
Love & Belonging needs: Includes giving and receiving affection, attaining a place in a group, and maintaining the feeling of belonging.
Self Esteem needs: Individual both needs both self-esteem (i.e., feeling of independence, competence, and self-respect) and esteem from others (i.e., recognition, respect, and appreciation).
Self-actualization needs: When the need for self-esteem is satisfied the individual strives for self-actualization, the innate need to develop ones’ maximum potential and realize one’s abilities and quality.
What is health promotion? Behavior motivated by the desire to increase well-being and actualize human health potential. Health promotion is enhanced when nurses understand: Individuality, Holism, Homeostasis, Human needs.
Nurses role in health promotion part 1: Model healthy lifestyle Facilitate client involvement Teach self-care strategies Assist individuals, families, and communities to increase levels of health Educate clients to be effective health care consumers
Nurses role in health promotion part 2: Avoidance of misinformation Assist clients to develop and choose health-promoting options Guide development of effective problem solving and decision making
Nurses role in health promotion part 3: Reinforce clients' personal and family health-promoting behaviors Advocate in the community for changes that promote a healthy environment
Healthy people 2020: Belief that individual health and community health are closely linked Partnerships important to improve individual and community health Business, local government, and civic, professional, and religious organizations
Created by: alyxinwndrland