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Cell Struct.&Funct.

Cell structure and function terms

TermDefinition
infectious a disease that is caused by microbes (germs) and can be passed from one organism to another
infectious agent an organism that causes disease
cell the smallest structural unit that makes up all living organisms. cells are able to perform all life functions. cells have unique structures related to their function.
cell membrane the structure that separates the cell from it's outside environment and controls what enters the cell
cell wall the layer outside of the cell membrane. It can be tough and flexible with a definite shape. it provides the cell with support and protection.
chloroplast a green colored organelle that is the site of photosynthesis within the cells of plants and algae
cytoplasm the liquid or gel-like material that fills much of the inside of cells, and the location of many of the reactions that take place in the cell
nucleas the part of the cell that contains the genes. this is the control center of the cell
nuclear membrane the structure that separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm in a cell
organelles the small parts found inside a cell, often surrounded by a separate membrane, that performs a specific function
disease a breakdown in the structure and function of a living organism
microbe a microscopic cellular organism or a virus, some of which can cause disease
multicellular an organism that is made of more than one cell
unicellular describing single-celled organisms, including bacteria and some protists
eukaryote organisms that have cells that contain a nucleus
prokaryote organisms whose cells do not have a nucleus. the DNA of prokaryotes is located in the cytoplasm of the cell
vector an animal that spreads disease-causing microbes, usually without getting itself sick
virus small infectious agents that cannot grow or reproduce by themselves. instead, they must invade living cells to multiply. viruses are not made of cells
Created by: abigailchoi