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ecscience vocab

6th grade Science vocab

TermDefinition
Emergency safety equipment Equipment used to take care of an emergency situation
Protective safety equipment Equipment for protection during experiment
Malleability ability to be formed or shaped under pressure (metals)
Energy conservation management of the use of energy resources
Energy resources Natural resources used as a source of energy
Balanced force Equal and opposite forces on an object that result in no change in position, direction or movement. ( not moving)
Unbalanced force unequal forces on an object that may result in a change in position, direction, or movement
Model a picture idea or object that represents an object, a system, or a process and is used to help with understanding models have advantages and limitations
Conductivity ability to conduct electrical current
Density the amount of matter that will fit into a given amount of space (how much)
Mass the amount of matter in something
Metalloids substances that exhibit some properties of metals and nonmetals
Metals substances that have the physical properties of luster, conductivity, and malleability; may appear in all three states
Nonmetals substances that have the physical properties of being dull, insulators, and brittle; may appear in all three states of matter
Volume the amount of space that a substance pr object occupies
Chemical symbol representation of the name of an element written as a capital letter or a capital letter followed by a lowercase letter(s)
Element a pure substance that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler substances eg hydrogen oxygen, carbon, gold...etc
Chemical change the formation of a new substance with different properties; cannot be undone by physical means
Chemical formula a representation of a compound in which the elements are represented by their symbols and subscripts represent the number of atoms of each element
Chemical reaction a change caused by the interaction of two or more substances resulting in the formation of new substances
Compound a pure substance made by chemically combining two or more elements
Element a pure substance that cannot be broken down chemically into simpler substances
Physical change change which alters the physical properties of a substance without changing its identity
Conduction transfer of heat through direct contact from a warmer substance to a cooler substance
Convection transfer of thermal energy, in a liquid or gas, in which the warmer substance rises and the cooler substance sinks; forms a current
Energy the ability to cause change or do work
Law of conservation of energy states that energy is neither created nor destroyed; it only changes forms
Temperature measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance
Acceleration change in an objects motion(position, direction, speed) caused by unbalanced forces
Kinetic energy energy of motion
Potential energy stored energy of an object because of its position or shape
Gravity force of attraction between two objects due to their masses
Orbit the path that one object in space follows as it revolves around another object in space
Asthenosphere the somewhat fluid portion of the mantle upon which the lithosphere is located
Igneous a type of rock formed when crystallized through melting and cooling rock
Lithosphere
Mantle
Metamorphic
Rock cycle
Sedimentary
Plate
Theory
Cell
Domain
Kingdom
Taxonomy
Community
Ecosystem
Organism
Population
Created by: evannac