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Science 8 Biotech

Covers NC Science 8 standards for 8.L.2

QuestionAnswer
What is a virus? may infect the human body and interfere with normal body functions, not considered to be living but do affect living cells, require a host cell to replicate, vaccines can help to prevent the spread of this
What is bacteria? very small organisms, usually consisting of one cell, that lack chlorophyll, smallest living thing on Earth, can be shaped as rods, spheres, or spirals, antibiotics help to fight infections of this kind.
What is fungi? a kingdom of eukaryotic organisms. They are heterotrophic and digest their food externally, absorbing nutrient molecules into their cells. Yeasts, molds, and mushrooms are examples.
What is a parasite? An organism that lives on or in a host and causes harm to the host
What is a disease? an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
What is an epidemic? an outbreak of a disease that affects a disproportionately large number of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time. example- typhoid
What is a pandemic? epidemic of an infectious disease that is spreading through human populations across a large region, continent, or even worldwide. examples include smallpox, tuberculosis, flu of 2009
What is microbiology? science that explores microscopic organisms including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, parasites ,and some fungi and algae.
What is a protozoa? one-celled, animal-like protist that can live in water, soil, and living and dead organism. usually classified by how they move, can cause disease in other organisms
What is algae? autotrophic eukaryotic organisms that convert the sun's energy into food through photosynthesis but that do not have roots, stems, or leaves
Define unicellular single-celled
What is a host cell? living cell in which a virus can can actively multiply or in which a virus can hide until activated by environmental stimuli
What is AIDS? Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, which results in a variety of infections and a breakdown of an individual's immune system over time
What is influenza? viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue.
What is a common cold? a viral infection usually associated with swollen nasal mucous membranes and the production of fluid from the sinuses and nose.
What is polio? an infectious disease most common in children and young adults, caused by a virus and often followed by paralysis
What is chicken pox? varicella; an infection that is shared easily among children and also among some adults, causing fever, tiredness, and many small, itchy red marks on the skin
What is small pox? An infectious disease unique to humans, caused by either of two virus variants, that began in Europe and spread to the Americas through conquest
What is yellow fever? a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes: its symptoms inclued high fever and vomiting
What is viral meningitis? Inflammation of membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord, caused by viral pathogen
What is the West Nile Virus? a flavivirus and is related to a number of viruses that cause encephalitis. It usually is transmitted through the bite of several mosquito species, and can infect humans and more than 200 animal species
What is Ebola? A contagious viral disease originating in Africa. It is transmitted by blood and body fluids and causes body organs and vessels to leak blood, usually resulting in death.
What is Rabies? an acute viral infection that is most commonly transmitted to humans by the bite or saliva of an infected animal
What is Lyme Disease? an infection caused by a bacteria carried by deer ticks and transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected tick; symptoms vary but may include a rash at the site of the bite and flulike symptoms such as fever, headache, joint pain, and fatigue
What is Bacterial Meningitis? inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord caused by various types of bacteria
What is Leprosy? a chronic infectious disease caused by a mycobacterium ) affecting especially the skin and peripheral nerve
What are vectors? mechanisms (other than a person) that spread disease without getting sick itself. Examples include rats, ticks, mosquitos, and soil.
What is an infectious disease? a disease that can be passed from one organism (person, plant, or animal) to another, safe handling, good hygiene, and various antimicrobial chemicals can be used to reduce the risk and provide treatment of these
What are microbial pathogens? disease causing agents
What is biomedical research? scientific studies to explain how microbes cause infectious diseases in both plants and animals
What is a cell culture? group of cells grown in a nutrient solution from a single original cell
What is a clinical trial? A biomedical or behavioral research study of human subjects designed to answer specific questions about biomedical or behavioral interventions (drugs, treatments, devices)
What is Industrial Microbiology? involves quality control in preventing growth and contamination of products leading to food spoilage, and the production of pharmaceuticals (medicines)
What are microbes? Any microscopic organism. Mainly bacteria, protists, some fungi, and even some tiny multi-cellular organisms.
What is epidemiologist? specialist in the study of outbreaks of disease within a population group
Created by: Alia Cherrywood