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Science Chapter 3

Interactive Science Book 3

TermDefinition
Erosion The process by which natural forces move weathered rock and soil from one place to another.
Sediment Consists of pieces of rock and soil, or the remains of plant and animals.
Deposition Occurs were the agents of erosion deposit, or lay down, sediment.
Gravity The force that pulls you and your bike down.
Mass Movement One of several process that moves sediment down.
Glacier a slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles.
Continental Glacier Is a glacier that covers much of a continent or large island.
Ice Age When continental glacier have covered much of the earth's land.
Vally Glacier A long narrow glacier that forms when snow builds up high in a mountain glacier.
Plucking As a glacier flows over the land, it picks up rocks.
Till The mixture of sediments that a glacier deposits directly on the surface.
Moraine The till deposit at the edge of a glacier forms a ridge.
Kettle A small depression that forms when a chunk of ice is left in a glacial till.
Headland A part of the shore that sticks out into the ocean.
Beach An area of wave-washed sediment along the coast.
Longshore Drift As waves repeatedly hits the beach, some of the beach sediment moves down the beach in a current.
Spit A bach that projects like a finger out into the water.
Runoff As water moves down land, it carries particles with it.
Rill As runoff travels, it forms tiny grooves in the soil.
Gully A large groove, or channel, in soil that carries runoff after a rainstorm.
Stream A channel along which water is continually flowing down a slope.
Tributary A stream or river that flows into a larger river.
Flood Plain The flat, wide area of land along a river.
Meander A loop like bend in a course of a river.
Oxbow Lake A meander that has been cut off from a river.
Delta A place where a river flows into an ocean or lake builds up a landform.
Alluvial Fan A wide, sloping deposit of sediment formed where a stream leaves a mountain range.
Ground Water The term geologist use for ground water.
Stalactite A deposit that hangs like an icicle from the roof of a cave.
Stalagmite A mound or tapering column rising from the floor of a cave, formed of calcium salts deposited by dripping water and often uniting with a stalactite.
Karst Topograghy If a cave collapses it is a result of a sinkhole.
Created by: mwels11341