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Amphibians & Reptile

A section in the Vertebrate Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
How do amphibians spend their life? part of their lives in water and part on land
What does “amphibious” Greek for? double life
What are some examples of amphibians? Frogs, toads, salamanders
Know 3 differences between frogs & toads. Frogs-live near water, smooth moist skin, long high jumps; Toads-can live on land, rough dry skin, run or small hops
What is hibernation? Up north, they bury themselves in mud or leave and remain inactive until warmer temperatures
What is estivation? In warmer conditions, they move to cooler conditions underground and again become inactive
What do amphibians use their strong hind legs for? swimming and jumping
Adult amphibians use what to breathe while they are on land? lungs
How many chambers do their hearts have? 3
Know the life cycle of a frog. Look at cycle you in class drew for notes
How do amphibians reproduce? Where are their eggs laid? External fertilization; Eggs laid in water and hatch into larvae
What are examples of reptiles? Snakes, lizards, turtles, crocodiles
Describe the skin of a reptile.Are they endothermic or ectothermic? Ectothermic vertebrates with dry, scaly skin
Where do they spend most of their life? on land
How can you tell the difference between a crocodile and an alligator? Teeth on bottom of crocodile jaw stick up outside the mouth
What is the largest group of reptiles? Lizards & snakes
How do lizards & snakes smell? In & out motion of tongue allows it to smell surroundings with an organ in roof of mouth
What type of fertilization do reptiles have? What types of egg do their young develop in until birth? Internal fertilization; Shell-covered, amniotic eggs
Created by: GwendolynetheOC