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Theory

TermDefinition
a tempo return to the original speed
accelerando gradually get faster
adagio slow, at ease; not as slow as Largo, But slower than Andante
alla in the style of
allegretto lively & moderately fast; but not as fast as Allegro
allegro quick and lively
andante rather slow; at a walking pace
animato animated, with increased life
assai very
attacca go on to the next... without a break
ben or bene well, good
brilliante brilliant, bright, sparkling
brio life, spirit
cantabile in a singing style
coll' 8va add an octave; play in octaves
colla or col or coll' with the
con brio with life, spirit
con espressione with expression
con grazia in a graceful, elegant style
con moto with motion
crescendo gradually getting louder
da capo (D.C.) repeat from the beggining
dal segno (D.S.) repeat from the sign
decrescendo gradually getting softer
diminuendo gradually getting softer
dolce sweetly
e or ed and
espressivo expressively
fermata pause; hold the note or rest for longer than it's written value
fine the end; end the piece here
forte loud
forte-piano loud, then immediately soft
fortissimo very loud
grave slow, extremely solemn and serious
grazioso in a graceful, elegant style
larghetto rather slow and broad, but not as slow as Largo
largo broad, slow & stately
legato smoothly and connected
leggiero lightly
lento slow
ma but
maestoso majestically; with dignity
mano destra right hand
mano sinistra left hand
marcato marked, accented
meno less
meno mosso less movement
mezzo forte moderately loud
mezzo piano moderately soft
moderato at a moderate pace, between Andante and Allegro
molto much, every, extremely
morendo dying away in tempo and tone
mosso movement
moto motion
non not
ottava an octave; interval of an 8th
ottava alta play one octave higher
ottava bassa play one octave lower
pesante heavily
pianissimo very soft
piano soft
piu more
piu mosso more movement
poco little
poca a poca little by little
prestissimo extremely fast
presto fast; faster then Allegro
quasi in the style of
rallentando gradually get slower
repeat sign repeat the music inside the double bars
ritardano gradually get slow er
scherzando playful, light and lively
sempre always
senza without
simile like; the same as
sostenuto sustained
staccatto detached; separated
subito suddenly
tempo primo return to the original speed
tempo rubato flexible tempo; not in strict time
tenuto held, sustained
tranquillo in a quiet, calm style
troppo too much
accent emphasize the note
Created by: Inkina