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Mitosis/Meiosis

Vocabulary Words

TermDefinition
Mitosis a process by which a cell divides its nucleus
Diploid (number) a cell that has two copies of each chromosome, one from an egg and one from a sperm
Chromosome(s) a long thread of DNA that consists of numerous genes
Interphase when the cell appears to be at rest
Crossing over homologous chromosomes may be exchange
Anaphase third phase of mitosis which chromatids separate and are pulled to opposite sides of the cell
Haploid/Monoploid is a cell that has only one copy of each chromosomes
Daughter nuclei two nuclei that result from the division of a single nucleus, usually by mitosis.
Tetrad consists of two homologous chromosomes, each composed of two sister chromatids
Gametogenesis the process in which cells undergo meiosis to form gametes.
Meiosis divides a diploid cell into a haploid cells
Metaphors second phase of mitosis where chromosomes line up at the equator
Cytokinesis process by which the cytoplasm divides
Disjunction when homologous chromosomes move apart toward the opposite poles of the cell
Variation physical traits of an individual from the group to which it belongs
Telophase last phase of mitosis which the separated chromosomes reach the opposite poles of the dividing cell
Replication process by which DNA is copied
Synapsis- a gap between neurons through which signals are sent
Prophase - first stage of mitosis the chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids
Centrioles- the development of spindle fibers in cell division
Created by: Darylen