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chapter 12

TermDefinition
Algorithm process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations, especially by a computer.
AND gate electrical circuit that combines two signals so that the output is on if both signals are present.
Autonomous robot performs behaviors or tasks with a high degree of autonomy, which is particularly desirable in fields such as spaceflight, household maintenance (such as cleaning), waste water treatment and delivering goods and services.
Binary code a coding system using the binary digits 0 and 1 to represent a letter, digit, or other character in a computer or other electronic device.
Computer-aided manufacturing is an application technology that uses computer software and machinery to facilitate and automate manufacturing processes.
software programs and other operating information used by a computer.
computer-aided process planning Using a computer to design the processes that are used to manufacture parts .
computer archtitecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
computer engineering refers to the study that integrates electronic engineering with computer sciences to design and develop computer systems and other technological devices.
computer-integrated manufacturing Manufacture process in which computers control the entire production process .
database a structured set of data held in a computer, especially one that is accessible in various ways.
digital signal processing is the process of analyzing and modifying a signal to optimize or improve its efficiency or performance.
end-of-arm tooiling also known as the end effector, is the robot tool center in which the part at the end of a robotic arm interacts with the environment.
human-computer interactions is the study of how people interact with computers and to what extent computers are or are not developed for successful interaction with human beings.
logic a system or set of principles underlying the arrangements of elements in a computer or electronic device so as to perform a specified task.
NAND gate a circuit that produces an output signal until there are signals on all of its inputs.
NOR gate A NOR gate is a type of logic gate that works on the principle of “neither this nor that.” This type of digital logic gate produces a high output only if two binary results are satisfied by a zero or low input.
NOT gate often called an inverter, is a nice digital logic gate to start with because it has only a single input with simple behavior.
OR gate gate that provides an output of 1 if either or both of the inputs are 1.
robot machine capable of carrying out a complex series of actions automatically, especially one programmable by a computer.
robotics the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots.
software engineering The application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software
XNOR gate gate that is an exclusive NOR gate . Provides an output of 1 if the input are both 1 or both 0 but not if one is 0 and one is 1.
XOR gate gate that is an exclusive OR gate. Provides an output of 1 if one input is 1 but not both are 1 .
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