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MItosis/Meiosis

TermDefinition
Mitosis A type of cell division that has two daughter cells have the same number and kind of chromosomes.
Diploid (Number) Contains two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.
Chromosome(s) A structure in all living things; occur as tread-like strands in the nucleus.
Interphase Resting phase between the first and second divisions of meiosis.
Crossing Over The exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes.
Anaphase The stage of mitosis or meiosis that has the chromosome move away from one another.
Haploid/Monoploid Having a single set of chromosomes.
Daughter Nuclei The result from the division of a single nucleus.
Tetrad Four part structure that forms during Prophase I of meiosis; consists of two homologous chromosomes.
Gametogenesis Process in which cells undergo meiosis to form a gametes.
Meiosis A type of cell division that involves half the number of the parent chromosomes to create four daughter cells.
Metaphase Second stage of cell division; the chromosomes become attached to the spindle fibers.
Cytokinesis The cytoplasmic division of a cell; brings about the separation in the two daughter cells.
Disjunction The normal separation of moving apart chromosomes twards the opposite sides of the cell.
Variation Difference between the cells; caused by genetic differences.
Telophase Final phase of the cell division; the chromatids or chromosomes move to opposite ends ends of the cells and two nuclei are formed.
Replication Duplicating an exact copy of the polynucleotide. Ex: DNA
Synapsis A junction between two nerve cells.
Prophase First stage of cell division; chromosomes become visible as paired chromatids and the nuclear envelop disappears.
Centrioles A minute cylindrical organelle between the nucleus in animal cells; occur in pairs and are involved in the development of spindle fibers.
Created by: ItzxVanna
 

 



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