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reading pssa terms1

QuestionAnswer
connections text to self; world; or self the reader can connect or relate what he has read to something else
evaluate to nexamine or judge; to say if something is good or bad if you like it or you don't
inferrence reding between the lines. taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know
visualize the abilty to "see" what you are reading
compare and contrast compare means to show similarities and contrast means to show the difference.
expository text text written to explain and and convey about a specifisc topic
fact vs. opinion fact is something that can be proven true, opinion is just someones point of view
generalization when you make assumptions about different events and characters and apply them to new situations
graphic organizers an organinizational pictuer, such as a venn diagram or webbing that helpsd the learner identify the important elements
non-fiction writing that is true and the purpose is to inform
paraphrase restate in your own words.
sequntial order order in witch te evnts are presented to the reader
summary a consise and short detail explaination of a reding selection
supportindg detail details that support or back up the main idea of the passage
alliteration the repetition of beginning consonant sounds in words in a sentence
figerative language language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect
hyperbole an exaggerated statement use to make a strong effect
Imagery words and phrases
Metaphor a comparison between two unlike things without using like or as
onomatopoeia words whose sounds express their feelings
oxymoron putting two contradictory words together
personification giving lifelike characteristics to inanmate objects
Simile a comparison between two unlike things using like or as
symbol an image, object, character, or actio that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning
conflict struggle between opposing force in literature
characterization the method an authoer uses to communicate info about characters
character vs. character a conflict between characters
character vs. nature conflict between character and force of nature
character vs. self internal conflict
climax moment when the action of the stoery comes to highest point
exposition the backround info that the author provides about story
Falling action part of story where therre is sharp decline in dramatic tension
fiction story that is made up
plot events in story
resolution occurs at end of story, includes action after climax
rising action part of story which builds to climax
antagonist main character in opposition to the protagonist
protagonist central characters in story
dialogue words character says to other character
narrator speaker of story
point of view perspectivefrom which story is told
limited point of view story told from view point of character
omniscient point of view all knowing instead of being a character in the story, the narratoer is outside the story so thoughts of charactor are presented
antonym a word that is opposite of another word
context clues info within the text that helps the reader figure out the meaning of challenging words
homophone two or more words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings
prefix letters added to the beggining of a word to change its meaning
root word a word to which pre fixes and suffixes are added
suffix letters placed at the end of a word to change its meaning
synonym two or more words that have simmilar meanings
authors purpose the authors reason for writing a selection
autobiography a story of a persons life written by the person
biography a story of a persons life written by another person
conclusion the end of a reading selection
fable a narrative intended to teach a moral or lesson to the reader
genre categories of literature
flashback technique in which the author interrupts the plot of the story to recreate an incident eairlier in time
foreshadowing technique in which the author provides clues about what will happen later in the story
irony a difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
veral irony a contradiction between what is said and what is meant
dramic irony contradiction between what might be expected and what acually occurs
situational irony occurs when there is a contradiction between what the character thinks and what the reader knows to be true
mood the overall feeling created by the authors words
setting the environment of time and place where the story occurs
theme the underlying message of the selectionthat the author is trying to convey
tone the clues of the story that suggest the writers own attitude toward elements in the story
voice the authors style, the quality that makes his/her writing unique
Created by: 2015sentylr