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Spada Reading PSSA

PSSA Terms and Defintions

Connections Text to self; world;or text.The reader can connect or relate what he has read to something else
Evaluate To examine and judge; to say if something is good or bad - if you like it or you like it or you don't.
Inference reading between the lines. Taking what the author wrote and adding it to what you already know to make an assumption
Prediction making and educated guess as to what will happen next
Visualize The abilty to ''see'' what you are reading
Compare and Contrast Compare means to show similarities and contast means to show differnces
Expository text text written to explain and convey information about a spefic topic
Fact vs. opinion Fact is it something that can be proven true, and opinion is just someone else's point of view
Generalizations When you make assumptions about different events events and/ or character and apply them them to new situations
Graphic Organizer an organizational picture, such as Venn diagram or webbing, that helps the learner identify the important elements
Nonfiction Writing that is true and the purpose is to inform. Nonfiction communicates knowledge about real people, events and/or situations.
Paraphrase restate in your own words.A paraphrase is a retelling of the reading selection that includes more than just the main ideas
Sequential order order in which the events in the story are presented to the reader
Summary a concis(short yet detailed) explanation of a reading selection. A summary contains only the main ideas.
Supporting details details that support or back up the main idea of the passage.
Alliteration The repetition of beginning consonant sounds in words in a setence. Examples: sweet smell of success, a dime a dozen,bigger and better, jump for joy.
Figurative language language that cannot be taken lierally since it was written to create a special effect.
Hyperbole An exaggerated statement used to make a strong effect. Example: My dog is so ugly, we have to pay people to pet him.
Imagery Words and phrases used specifically to help the reader to imagine each of the senses: smell,touch,sight,hearing,and taste
Metaphor a comparison between two unlike things without using the words like or as. Example: Joe is a lion on the playing field.
Onamatopoeia Words whose sounds express their meaning. Examples ''buzz,''crash,''whirr,''clang''hiss,''purr,''squeak,''mumble,''hush,''boom''.
Oxymoron Putting two contradictory words together. Example: ''Jumbo Shrimp''Plastic Glasses,''terribly pleased,''pretty ugly''
Personification giving lifelike characteristics to inanimate objects.Example: The planets danced in their orbitz.The tree shiverd in the wind.
Simile A comparison between two unlike things by using the words like or as.Example: The thunder sounded like a roaring cannon.
Symbol an image,object,character,or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning
Conflict struggle between opposing forces in literature.
Characterization The method an author uses to communicate information about the characters.Methods include:(1)character's apperance (2)character's actions (3) character's thoughts (4)character's conversations and(5) reactions of others toward the character
Character vs Character a conflict between characters such as family conflict, trouble with a bully or diffculties in romance. This type of conflict is external
Character vs.nature A conflict between a character and a force in nature such as a tornado,avalanche,extreme weather conditions or any type of natural disaster. This type of conflict is external
Character vs self an internal conflict that takes place in a characther's mind. For example, a character may have to decide between right and wrong or between two solutions to a problem. Sometimes, a character must deal with his/her mixed feelings or emotion
Climax the moment when the action of the story comes to its highest point.This usually occurs at the end of the story just before the resoulution
Exposition The background information that the author provides about the setting,Plot,character or other essential story elements
Falling action the part of the story following the climax where there is a sharp decline in dramatic tendion; this occurs just before the resoultion
Fiction Any story that is the product of imagination rather than fact
Created by: Rad110



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