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Classification

TermDefinition
Classification The systematic grouping of different types of organisms by their shared characteristics.
Domain One of three divisions in a classification system based on different types of cells. The six kingdoms are grouped into three domains: Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya.
Archaea Part of a classification system that divides all living things into 6 kingdoms. Kingdom Archaea includes microscopic single-celled organisms with a distinctive cell structure that allows them to live in extreme environments.
Bacteria Part of a classification system that divides all living things into 6 kingdoms. Kingdom bacteria includes microscopic single-celled organisms found in many environments. Bacteria can be associated with disease in other organisms.
Eukarya A domain of organisms having cells each with a distinct nucleus within which the genetic material is contained.
Eukaryote An organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a distinct nucleus
Prokaryote Single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles
Protista Part of a classification system that divides all living things into 6 kingdoms. Kingdom Protista includes mostly singled organisms with cells simples to those of the Plantae, Animalia, and fungi kingdoms.
Fungi Part of a classification system that divides all living things into 6 kingdoms. Kingdom Fungi includes multicellular mushrooms and molds and single-celled yeasts.
Plantae Part of a classification system that divides all living things into 6 kingdoms. Kingdom Plantae includes multicellular organisms, such as trees, grass, and moss that are capable of photosynthesis capturing energy from the sun.
Animalia Part of a classification system that divides all living things into 6 kingdoms. Kingdom Animalia includes multicellular organisms, from human and lions to insects and microbes, that rely on food for energy.
Autotrophic An organism that captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce energy-rich carbon compounds, usually through the process of photosynthesis.
Heterotroph An organism that consumes other organisms to get energy.
Sexual reproduction A type of reproduction in which two cells combine to form offspring. (Having two parents)
Asexual reproduction The process by which a single organism produces offspring that have the same genetic material. (Having one parent)
Created by: DDenney