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mod d week 1

heart

TermDefinition
ablation destruction; burning of irritable cells in the hearts conduction
aneurysm localized dilation of an artery caused by a congenital or acquired weakness in the wall of a vessel
angina pectoris chest pain relieved by rest
angioplasty surgical repair of a vessel
arteri/o vessel that carries blood away from the heart
Arteriol/o arteriole
Arteriosclerosis disease in which the arterial walls become thickened and lose their elasticity, w/o the presence of atheromas HARDENING OF THE ARTERIES
ATHEROCLEROSIS PLAQUE BUILDUP INSIDE ARTERIAL WALLS
ATRI/O UPPER CHAMBER OF HEART
BRADYCARDIA SLOW HEART RATE UNDER 50 BPM
BRUIT ABNORMAL HEART SOUND HEARD WHEN AUSCULTATING AN ARTERY
CABG CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT-- REROUTE BLOOD AROUND A BLOCKAGE
CAD CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
CARDI/O HEART
CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION threading of a thin tube into the heart to collect diagnostic information about structures in the heart, coronary arteries and great vessls
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
cardiomyopathy progressive disorder of the ventricles of the heart
CHF Congestive heart failure -- heart muscle is unable to efficiently pump blood
Coarctation of aorta narrowing of the aorta causing a decrease in blood flow
cyanosis lack of oxygen in the blood, seen as a bluish discoloration of the skin mucous membranes, nail beds, and or lips
Defibrillator device that provides a shock to the heart to restore its normal rhythm
Diaphoresis profuse secretion of sweat
Diastole relaxation phase of the heart
Electrocardiogram graphic picture of the heart's electrical activity
Electrocardiograph machine that records the electrical activity of the heart
Electrocardiography process of recording the electrical activity of the heart
Endocarditis Inflammation of the heart lining
Epicardium outer layer of heart wall
Esophagi/o Esophagus
Hemorrhoids dilated superficial veins present in the rectum or anus
Holter monitor EKG recording for 24 hours
Hypoxia a decrease supply of oxygenated blood in the tissues
Ischemia lack of oxygen to heart muscle
itits inflammation
MI-myocardial infarction cardiac tissue death that occurs when a coronary sounds caused by malfunctioning valves
Myocardial infarction heart tissue death/heart attack
Palpitation pounding or racing of the heart
Phleb/o vein
-pnea Breathing
Sept/o wall between the chambers
Sinoatrial node hearts natural pacemaker
Stenosis narrowing
Systole contraction phase of the heart
Tachycardia rapid heart rate 100bpm or above
Thromb/o clotting, clot
Thrombophlebitis inflammation of deep vein or superficial veins with the formation of one or more blood clots
Valvul/o Valve
Varicose veins dilated superficial veins with incompetent valves
Varic/o dilated vein
Vascul/o vessel
Ventricul/o lower chamber of the heart
Difference between arteries and veins A: carry blood AWAY from the heart, strong pulse, oxygenated blood V: Carry blood TOWARD the heart, have valves, weaker pulse, mostly deoxygenated blood
Do atria carry oxygenated blood or deoxygenated blood? BOTH: right atrium carry DOB Left atrium carry oxygenated blood
Name and Location of 4 Main heart valves Aortic semilunar valve- bt left atrium and aorta Bicuspid- bt left atrium and left ventricle Pulmonary semilunar valve- between right atrium & pulmonary artery Tricuspid- bt right atrium & right ventricle
Different types of circulation Coronary-bt heart and heart Pulmonary- bt heart and lungs Systemic- bt heart and body
What type of procedure is a cardiac catheterization? Angiography
Where can you feel a pulse besides the radial pulse? Brachial artery-inside, bend of elbow Carotid artery- each side of neck Dorsalis pedis artery- upper surface of foot Femoral artery- upper groin area Popliteal artery- behind knee Subclavian artery behind collarbone Temporal artery- front of ear
Where is your heart located left side of chest
electrical conduction pathway of the heart SA NODE AV NODE BUNDLE OF HIS PURKINJE FIBERS
DESCRIBE THE BLOOD FLOW THROUGH THE BODY, HEART AND LUNGS RIGHT ATRIA TRICUSPID VALVE RIGHT VENTRICLE PULMONARY SEMILUNAR VALVE PULMONARY ARTERY LUNGES PULMONARY VEINS LEFT ATRIUM MITRAL/BICUSPID VALVE LEFT VENTRICLE AORTIC SEMILUNAR VALVE AORTA BODY
Which two arteries carry DOB? Pulmonary artery & Umbilical artery
what is the leading cause of death in both sexes in the US? CAD
AV ATRIOVENTRICULAR
SA SINOATRIAL
AF ATRIAL FIBRILLATION
AMI ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
BBB BUNDLE BRANCH BLOCK
CAD CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
CHF CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
DOE DYSPNEA ON EXERTION
DVT DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS
MI MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
MVP MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSED
NSR NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM
PAC PREMATURE ATRIAL CONTRACTION
PVC PREMATURE VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION
SOB SHORTNESS OF BREATH
VT VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA
BP BLOOD PRESSURE
CATH CARDIAC CATHERTERIZATION
CO2 CARBON DIOXIDE
ECG/EKG ELECTROCARDIOGRAM
ECHO ECHOCARDIOGRAM
EST EXERCISE STRESS TEST
HDL HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS
LDL LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS
O2 OXYGEN
TEE TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAM
CABG CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT
CPR CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION
ICD IMPLANTABLE CARDIAC DEFIBRILLATOR
NTG NITOGLYCERIN
OTC OVER THE COUNTER (DRUG)
CARDIOLOGY SPELLING WORD
ELECTROCARDIOGRAM SPELLING WORD
HEMORRHOIDS SPELLING WORD
DALPITATION SPELLING WORD
STENOSIS SPELLING WORD
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS SPELLING WORD
ATHEROSCLEROSIS SPELLING WORD
ANGIOPLASTY SPELLING WORD
ANGINA PETORIS SPELLING WORD
ANEURYSM SPELLING WORD
DONT FORGET THE DIAGRAM!!