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|Genetic information (genotype)
|Physical appearance, the trait that "shows" (phenotype)
|Together, both, with (codominance)
|Yoke, When egg and sperm join or conbine (zygote, homozygous, heterozygous)
|The study of life
|The branch of biology that studies heredity
|The passing of characteristics from parents to offspring
|The "Father of Genetics"
|Any trait that can be passed from parent to offspring (can be dominant or recessive)
|Alternative forms of a trait or gene (we use letters to represent these)
|Section of a chromosome (DNA) that controls a trait
|Reproductive cells (sperm and egg)
|A cell with one of each kind of chromosome (sperm and egg cells are examples of a haploid cell)
|A cell with two of each kind of chromosome (all body cells are examples because they have 23 pair of chromosomes)
|Haploid male sex cells produced by meiosis
|Haploid female sex cell produced by meiosis
|Fusion of male and female gametes
|Transfer of male pollen grains to the pistil of a flower (therefore pollination is "sexual reproduction"
|Process that creates sex cells (sperm and egg)
|Genotype of an individual with 2 different alleles for a given trait; Example: Tt (Another word for this is hybrid)
|Has 2 different alleles for the same trait; Example Tt
|Genotype of an individual with 2 of the same alleles for a given trait (both could be dominant TT or both could be recessive tt) Another word for this is purebred.
|Has 2 identical alleles for the same trait; Example TT or tt
|The allele that masks or covers up the recessive allele in a heterozygous individual. It is represented with a capital letter.
|The allele that is masked or covered up in a heterozygous individual. It is represented with a lower case letter.
|Law of Dominance
|If 2 alleles in a gene pair are different , then one allele (the dominant one) will control the other (the recessive one). The recessive one will be masked or covered up.
|The genetic makeup of an organism
|the external, physical appearance of an individual determined by its' genotype
|A graphical representation of possible genotypes of offspring
|A diagram of the genetic history of an individual; can show how a trait is inherited over several generations of a family
|An individual who has the allele for a trait or disease but does not have the disease, does not outwardly express or show the trait. A carrier can pass the trait to offspring.
|Occurs when neither allele is dominant. They both have an effect on the heterozygous individual which shows a phenotype between the 2 homozygous phenotypes. The dominant alleles mix- yellow and blue flowers result in green flowers
|Neither allele is dominant