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Chapter 10

Medical Terminology - pathology

TermDefinition
hydrocephalus abnormal accumulation of fluid in brain
myelomeningocele
Alzheimer disease brain disorder marked by gradual and progressive mental deterioration, personality changes, and impairment of daily functioning
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem
epilepsy chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity
multiple sclerosis (MS) destruction of the myelin sheath on neurons in the CNS and its replacement by plaques of sclerotic (hard) tissue
palsy paralysis (partial or complete loss of motor function)
parkinsons disease degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia, occurring in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles, and slowness of movement
Tourette syndrome involuntary, spasmodic, twitching movements
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) brain disease and dementia occurring with AIDS
cerebral concussion type of traumatic brain injury caused by a blow to the head
cerebral contusion bruising of brain tissue resulting from direct trauma to the head
cerebrovascular accident (Stroke) disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain
Created by: smook1103